Nectomys rattus

Moreira, Camila Do Nascimento, Ventura, Karen, Percequillo, Alexandre Reis & Yonenaga-Yassuda, Yatiyo, 2020, A review on the cytogenetics of the tribe Oryzomyini (Rodentia: Cricetidae: Sigmodontinae), with the description of new karyotypes, Zootaxa 4876 (1), pp. 1-111: 39

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4876.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:190EC586-E14B-4AEF-A5EF-3DA401656159

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4566583

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A587ED-3219-FFF2-83E9-F8EE281FFD36

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nectomys rattus
status

 

Nectomys rattus  

Karyotype: 2n = 52 and FN = 52. Autosomal complement: one small metacentric pair and 24 acrocentric pairs large to small decreasing in size ( Gardner & Patton 1976, pp. 13, Fig. 6B View FIGURE 6 ; Maia et al. 1984; Yonenaga-Yassuda et al. 1988; Barros et al. 1992; Bonvicino et al. 1996; Silva & Yonenaga-Yassuda 1998a; Andrades-Miranda et al. 2001b; Oliveira & Langguth 2004; Bonvicino et al. 2005). Sex chromosomes: X chromosome presented three different morphologies, a large submetacentric, a large subtelocentric, and a large to medium acrocentric; Y chromosome presented two different morphologies, a medium submetacentric, and a medium to small subtelocentric ( Gardner & Patton 1976; Maia et al. 1984; Yonenaga-Yassuda et al. 1988; Barros et al. 1992; Silva & Yonenaga-Yassuda 1998a; Andrades-Miranda et al. 2001b; Bonvicino et al. 2005). A different diploid number of 53 to 55 were reported due to the presence of 1 to 3 supernumerary chromosomes. Three different types of supernumerary chromosomes were reported: a large subtelocentric, a medium submetacentric, and a small acrocentric ( Maia et al. 1984; Yonenaga-Yassuda et al. 1988; Barros et al. 1992; Silva & Yonenaga-Yassuda 1998a; Andrades-Miranda et al. 2001b). C-banding metaphases exhibited blocks of constitutive heterochromatin on the pericentromeric region of all autosomes. The X chromosome presented a large variability on the amount and distribution of heterochromatin that encompass the pericentromeric region, the entirely short arm, and sometimes a lightly band on its long arm. The Y chromosome presented a large variability on the amount and distribution of heterochromatin that encompass the pericentromeric region, the distal portion of the long arm, the whole long arm and a large part of the short arm. C-banding of B chromosomes presented different patterns on the distribution of heterochromatin: entirely heterochromatic, the long arm entirely heterochromatic, or a heterochromatic block on the end of the long arm. G- and R-banding were also performed ( Maia et al. 1984; Yonenaga-Yassuda et al. 1988; Silva & Yonenaga-Yassuda 1998a). Multiple NORs, varying from two to fourteen were localized at the telomeric regions of the short arms of acrocentric pairs ( Yonenaga-Yassuda et al. 1988). FISH with telomeric sequences revealed signals exclusively at the ends of all chromosome arms and no interstitial signals were observed ( Silva & Yonenaga-Yassuda 1998a).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Mammalia

Order

Rodentia

Family

Muridae

Genus

Nectomys