Ooderella

Gibson, Gary A. P., 2017, Revision of world Ooderella Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eupelmidae), with description of the first males for the genus, Zootaxa 4289 (1), pp. 1-74: 13-15

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.828791

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:83976631-0200-4CE3-AF6D-C05DE8E8670A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6040916

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039E8792-FFE9-FFF0-FF23-07E131E0067C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ooderella
status

 

Key to species of Ooderella   based on females

1. New World..........................................................................................2

- Afrotropical......................................................................................... 15

2(1) Fore wing extending well beyond base of gaster, though usually right-angle bent at level of propodeum and with apical portion as long as basal portion ( Figs 14, 15 View FIGURES 10 – 18 ); acropleuron completely bare ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 10 – 18 ); mesoscutum uniformly setose ( Fig. 15 View FIGURES 10 – 18 ); syntergum dark with truncate posterior margin and marginal row of setae ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 10 – 18 )................... Ooderella ambigua   n. sp.

- Fore wing extending at most slightly beyond posterior margin of propodeum and flat or with only very short apically recurved portion (e.g. Figs 7 View FIGURES 1 – 9 , 52 View FIGURES 45 – 53 ); acropleuron anteriorly with setae, often as a dense tuft (e.g. Figs 8 View FIGURES 1 – 9 , 51 View FIGURES 45 – 53 ); mesoscutum usually with dense tuft of setae posteriorly (e.g. Figs 6 View FIGURES 1 – 9 , 33 View FIGURES 28 – 34 ) and sometimes with similar region of differentiated setae anteriorly (e.g. Figs 50 View FIGURES 45 – 53 , 114 View FIGURES 110 – 117 ); syntergum sometimes paler apically (e.g. Fig. 9 View FIGURES 1 – 9 ), but at least tapered to posteriorly rounded or angulate margin with subapical setae extending only slightly beyond margin (e.g. Figs 44 View FIGURES 35 – 44 , 100 View FIGURES 99 – 100 ).........................................3

3(2) Head with frons usually entirely sculptured, variably meshlike reticulate-wrinkled to strongly reticulate or rugulose ( Figs 1 View FIGURES 1 – 9 , 19 View FIGURES 19 – 27 , 28 View FIGURES 28 – 34 , 63 View FIGURES 63 – 71 ), but at least similarly sculptured to scrobal depression in longitudinal band below anterior ocellus ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 35 – 44 ); ovipositor sheaths often extending conspicuously beyond gastral apex ( Figs 22 View FIGURES 19 – 27 , 30 View FIGURES 28 – 34 , 38 View FIGURES 35 – 44 , 67 View FIGURES 63 – 71 )....................................4

- Head with frons shiny and smooth except for setiferous punctures and thus distinctly differentiated from strongly sculptured scrobal depression (e.g. Figs 45 View FIGURES 45 – 53 , 72 View FIGURES 72 – 80 ); ovipositor sheaths extending only slightly beyond gastral apex (e.g. Figs 49 View FIGURES 45 – 53 , 75 View FIGURES 72 – 80 )...... 8

4(3) Antenna with at least scape, pedicel and basal four flagellomeres yellow in distinct contrast to more apical darker flagellomeres ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 19 – 27 ); head green ( Figs 19–21 View FIGURES 19 – 27 ) in distinct contrast to brownish-yellow mesosoma and gaster ( Fig. 22 View FIGURES 19 – 27 ) except gaster almost entirely white ventrally ( Fig. 22 View FIGURES 19 – 27 : insert); acropleuron anteriorly ( Fig. 26 View FIGURES 19 – 27 ) and mesoscutum posteromedially ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 19 – 27 ) with only a few, inconspicuous white setae not forming dense tufts............................ Ooderella flavida   n. sp.

- Antenna entirely dark or at most only pedicel and basal four flagellomeres very slightly paler than scape and more apical flagellomeres ( Fig. 29 View FIGURES 28 – 34 ); head less distinctly contrasting in color with darker orangish-brown to dark brown mesosoma and gaster, and gaster ventrally at most paler to white basally, though sometimes also subbasally dorsally ( Figs 4 View FIGURES 1 – 9 , 30 View FIGURES 28 – 34 , 41 View FIGURES 35 – 44 , 67 View FIGURES 63 – 71 ); acropleuron ( Figs 8 View FIGURES 1 – 9 , 30 View FIGURES 28 – 34 , 41 View FIGURES 35 – 44 , 70 View FIGURES 63 – 71 ) and mesoscutum posteromedially ( Figs 6 View FIGURES 1 – 9 , 33 View FIGURES 28 – 34 , 40 View FIGURES 35 – 44 , 68 View FIGURES 63 – 71 ) with distinct, dense tufts of white setae................................................................................................... 5

5(4) Ovipositor sheaths extending only slightly beyond gastral apex ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 9 ); fore wing disc entirely, extensively setose ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 1 – 9 ); scape mostly yellowish except usually apically ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1 – 9 ) [Nearctic]......................... Ooderella americana   n. sp.

- Ovipositor sheaths extending conspicuously beyond gastral apex ( Figs 30 View FIGURES 28 – 34 , 38 View FIGURES 35 – 44 , 67 View FIGURES 63 – 71 ); fore wing disc variably sparsely but inconspicuously setose ( Figs 32 View FIGURES 28 – 34 , 42 View FIGURES 35 – 44 , 69 View FIGURES 63 – 71 ); scape entirely dark [Neotropical].............................................6

6(5) Frons mostly smooth and shiny except for longitudinal band of reticulate-punctate sculpture below anterior ocellus ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 35 – 44 )............................................................................... Ooderella hyalipleura   n. sp.

- Frons entirely, similarly sculptured as scrobal depression ( Figs 28 View FIGURES 28 – 34 , 63 View FIGURES 63 – 71 )...........................................7

7(6) Body mostly dark brown excluding white regions subbasally on gaster ( Figs 67, 71 View FIGURES 63 – 71 ); head with frontovertex quite strongly reticulate-punctate ( Fig. 63 View FIGURES 63 – 71 ); antenna entirely dark ( Fig. 66 View FIGURES 63 – 71 ); scrobal depression variably distinctly differentiated by slender transverse furrow above each torulus ( Fig. 63 View FIGURES 63 – 71 )........................................ Ooderella reticulifrons   n. sp.

- Body with head green but mesosoma and gaster orangish to yellowish-brown excluding white regions subbasally on gaster

( Figs 31, 34 View FIGURES 28 – 34 ); head with frons and ocellar triangle quite shallowly meshlike reticulate compared to more coarsely reticulate vertex ( Fig. 28 View FIGURES 28 – 34 ); antenna with pedicel apically and basal four flagellomeres somewhat paler, more yellowish-brown, than remainder ( Fig. 29 View FIGURES 28 – 34 ); scrobal depression differentiated only by transverse, reddish-violaceous luster within scrobes and above interantennal prominence ( Fig. 28 View FIGURES 28 – 34 ).................................................... Ooderella hansoni   n. sp. 8(3) Fore wing usually extending slightly beyond posterior margin of propodeum ( Figs 52 View FIGURES 45 – 53 , 125 View FIGURES 118 – 127 ) but at least with distinct membranous part (discal region) beyond submarginal vein ( Fig. 153 View FIGURES 147 – 155 ) and its apical-most seta; scrobal depression coriaceous to coriaceous-imbricate ( Figs 45 View FIGURES 45 – 53 , 118 View FIGURES 118 – 127 , 147 View FIGURES 147 – 155 ); pronotum with anterolateral corners prolonged into conspicuous tubercle- or cone-like angulations ( Figs 47 View FIGURES 45 – 53 , 124 View FIGURES 118 – 127 , 152 View FIGURES 147 – 155 ); tegula with numerous dark setae forming obvious, dense tuft along inner margin apically ( Figs 51 View FIGURES 45 – 53 , 126 View FIGURES 118 – 127 , 155 View FIGURES 147 – 155 ).........................................................................................9

- Fore wing in non-contorted individual extending only to about level of propodeal spiracle (e.g. Figs 60 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 78 View FIGURES 72 – 80 ) and with submarginal vein extending to or near apical margin such that without distinct membranous region beyond vein and usually with long, apical-most seta on vein extending distinctly beyond apical margin of wing; scrobal depression reticulate to reticulate-rugulose (e.g. Figs 54 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 90 View FIGURES 90 – 98 ); pronotum with anterolateral corners usually almost right-angled (e.g. Figs 56 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 77 View FIGURES 72 – 80 ); tegula with long dark setae, sometimes even as denser region along inner margin apically, but not as distinct tuft-like region................. 11

9(8) Fore wing extending posteriorly only to about mid-length of propodeum ( Fig. 153 View FIGURES 147 – 155 ); setae forming tegular tuft comparatively short, only about as long as width of tegula ( Fig. 155 View FIGURES 147 – 155 )..................................... Ooderella thegalea   n. sp.

- Fore wing extending slightly beyond posterior margin of propodeum ( Figs 52 View FIGURES 45 – 53 , 125 View FIGURES 118 – 127 ); setae forming tegular tuft sometimes obviously longer than width of tegula ( Figs 121, 126 View FIGURES 118 – 127 )...........................................................10

10(9) Tegula with setal tuft conspicuously long, obviously longer than width of tegula ( Figs 121, 126 View FIGURES 118 – 127 ); legs with protrochanter and mesotibia basally pale ( Fig. 121 View FIGURES 118 – 127 )................................................. Ooderella spinositegula   n. sp.

- Tegula with setal tuft comparatively short, only about as long as width of tegula ( Figs 49, 51 View FIGURES 45 – 53 ); legs with protrochanter and mesotibia basally dark ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 45 – 53 ).................................................. Ooderella melanosceles   n. sp.

11(8) Fore wing disc setose ( Fig. 78 View FIGURES 72 – 80 ); mesoscutum with posterior setal region apical, the setae extending to posterior margin of sclerite ( Fig. 77 View FIGURES 72 – 80 ); scape slender, only slightly broader basally than apically and with dorsal and ventral margins subparallel ( Fig. 76 View FIGURES 72 – 80 ).................................................................................. Ooderella setosa   n. sp.

- Fore wing disc bare (e.g. Fig. 97 View FIGURES 90 – 98 ); mesoscutum with posterior setal region sometimes mesal to subapical, the posterior-most setae then distinctly separated from posterior margin of sclerite ( Figs 59 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 95, 96 View FIGURES 90 – 98 , 114 View FIGURES 110 – 117 , 143 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ); scape sometimes obviously wider basally than apically because ventral margin distinctly sinuate ( Fig. 139 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ).........................................12

12(11) Head often with lighter-colored (cf. Fig. 157 View FIGURES 156 – 164 ) but at least slightly angulate ocellocular marks ( Fig. 92 View FIGURES 90 – 98 ); mesoscutum at least without distinct region(s) of white lanceolate setae anteriorly, and posteriorly with posterior-most setae of setal region distinctly separated from posterior margin of mesoscutum by distance at least equal to width of setal region ( Figs 95, 96 View FIGURES 90 – 98 ); fore wing disc comparatively wide, about 3× as wide as width of costal cell ( Fig. 97 View FIGURES 90 – 98 ); mesopectus more or less uniformly setose with setae sometimes continuous to acropleural setal tuft, but at least with setae along acropleural sulcus conspicuously longer, at least 3× as long as other shorter setae ( Fig. 98 View FIGURES 90 – 98 )...................................... Ooderella smithii Ashmead  

- Head uniformly colored and smoothly convex between posterior ocellus and inner orbit ( Figs 56 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 111 View FIGURES 110 – 117 , 138 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ); mesoscutum anteriorly usually with quite obvious region(s) of differentiated white lanceolate setae on either side of midline ( Figs 114 View FIGURES 110 – 117 , 143 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ), and posterior setal region extending to posterior margin or separated by distance less than width of setal region ( Figs 59 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 114 View FIGURES 110 – 117 , 14 3 View FIGURES 10 – 18 ); fore wing disc narrower, usually only about 2× width of costal cell ( Figs 60 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 115 View FIGURES 110 – 117 , 144 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ); mesopectus variably setose, sometimes with setae along acropleural sulcus not differentiated in length from other setae, but at least shorter, at most about 2× as long as other setae ( Figs 61 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 116 View FIGURES 110 – 117 , 145 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ).......................................................................... 13

13(12) Gaster dark brown except white ventrobasally ( Figs 112, 117 View FIGURES 110 – 117 ); labial and maxillary palps brown ( Figs 110, 113 View FIGURES 110 – 117 ); front leg with trochanter brownish, not distinctly contrasting with procoxa or profemur, and both meso- and metacoxae dark brown; mesopectus with dense region of overlapping white lanceolate setae forming reflective patch below acropleural tuft ( Fig. 116 View FIGURES 110 – 117 )................................................................................. Ooderella speculifrons   n. sp.

- Gaster entirely orangish-brown to dark brown ( Figs 57, 62 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 140, 146 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ); labial and maxillary palps yellowish to white ( Figs 58 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 142 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ); front leg with trochanter yellowish to white and distinctly contrasting with procoxa and profemur, and meso- and metacoxae at least partly pale to partly orangish-brown; mesopectus with comparatively sparse region of slender white lanceolate setae below and sometimes anterior to acropleural tuft, with cuticle clearly visible between setae ( Figs 61 View FIGURES 54 – 62 , 145 View FIGURES 137 – 146 )..........14

14(13) Mesoscutum anteriorly without differentiated region of white setae, and posterior setal region subapical, the posterior-most setae distinctly separated from posterior margin ( Fig. 59 View FIGURES 54 – 62 ); scape similarly brownish as flagellum and tubular, subequally wide throughout ( Fig. 58 View FIGURES 54 – 62 ); scrobal depression with dorsal margin somewhat bell-shaped, angularly O-like medially and sinuately recurved to inner orbit about midway to torulus ( Fig. 54 View FIGURES 54 – 62 ), and separated from anterior ocellus by distance similar to LOL and POL ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 54 – 62 ).................................................................. Ooderella microptera   n. sp.

- Mesoscutum with differentiated region of white setae anteriorly, and posterior setal region apical, the setae extending to or almost to posterior margin of sclerite ( Fig. 143 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ); scape yellow except ventrobasally and distinctly broader basally than apically because of sinuate ventral margin ( Fig. 139 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ); scrobal depression with dorsal margin broadly arched between inner orbits ( Fig. 137 View FIGURES 137 – 146 ) and separated from anterior ocellus by distance distinctly greater than either LOL or POL ( Fig. 138 View FIGURES 137 – 146 )............................................................................................... Ooderella stenoptera   n. sp.

15(1) Ovipositor sheaths extending conspicuously beyond gastral apex by distance greater than half length of metatibia ( Fig. 177 View FIGURES 174 – 184 ); fore wing membrane virtually bare behind/beyond venation ( Fig. 183 View FIGURES 174 – 184 )..................... Ooderella gymnosoma   n. sp.

- Ovipositor sheaths extending only slightly beyond gastral apex ( Figs 158 View FIGURES 156 – 164 , 168 View FIGURES 165 – 173 , 187 View FIGURES 185 – 193 , 197 View FIGURES 194 – 204 ); fore wing membrane densely setose behind/beyond venation ( Figs 162 View FIGURES 156 – 164 , 171 View FIGURES 165 – 173 , 190 View FIGURES 185 – 193 , 199 View FIGURES 194 – 204 )...........................................................16

16(15) Propodeum long, medial length about 3× that of metanotum, and with complete median carina ( Fig. 190 View FIGURES 185 – 193 )............................................................................................... Ooderella kenyaensis   n. sp.

- Propodeum much shorter, medial length less than 2× that of metanotum, and with at most very short, inconspicuous median carina anteriorly ( Figs 162 View FIGURES 156 – 164 , 171 View FIGURES 165 – 173 , 202 View FIGURES 194 – 204 )..................................................................... 17

17(16) Antenna with scape strongly compressed ( Figs 194, 198 View FIGURES 194 – 204 ) and flagellum usually bicolored with at least fl4 and often fl3–fl5 yellowish ( Fig. 198 View FIGURES 194 – 204 ); fore wing elongate-spatulate, about 3× as long as wide, with venation extending virtually to anteroapical margin of wing ( Fig. 199 View FIGURES 194 – 204 ); mesoscutum with lateral lobes carinately angled over at least posterior half and strongly reticulate only within anterior half or less ( Fig. 201 View FIGURES 194 – 204 ); pronotum usually with neck conspicuously more densely setose with dark setae than collar.................................................................... Ooderella platyscapus   n. sp.

- Antenna with scape slender with slightly sinuous ventral margin so to be only slightly wider subbasally than apically, and flagellum entirely dark ( Figs 159 View FIGURES 156 – 164 , 169 View FIGURES 165 – 173 ); fore wing only about 2× as long as wide and venation extending at most about 0.75× length such that with distinct membranous region beyond vein ( Figs 162 View FIGURES 156 – 164 , 171 View FIGURES 165 – 173 ); mesoscutum with lateral lobes carinately angled only over about posterior third or less and much more extensively meshlike reticulate anteriorly ( Figs 161 View FIGURES 156 – 164 , 170 View FIGURES 165 – 173 ); pronotum with collar and neck similarly, comparatively inconspicuously setose........................................18

18(17) Head with frons smooth and shiny or at most with subeffaced meshlike coriaceous sculpture except for setiferous pits ( Fig. 165 View FIGURES 165 – 173 ), but at least much smoother than scrobes or vertex; scape brown to dark brown ( Fig. 169 View FIGURES 165 – 173 ).... Ooderella capensis   n. sp.

- Head with frons shallowly meshlike reticulate ( Figs 156, 157 View FIGURES 156 – 164 ); scape yellow ( Fig. 159 View FIGURES 156 – 164 )......... Ooderella botswanae   n. sp.