Ooderella,

Gibson, Gary A. P., 2017, Revision of world Ooderella Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eupelmidae), with description of the first males for the genus, Zootaxa 4289 (1), pp. 1-74: 13-15

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.828791

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:83976631-0200-4CE3-AF6D-C05DE8E8670A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039E8792-FFE9-FFF0-FF23-07E131E0067C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ooderella
status

 

Key to species of Ooderella  based on females

1. New World..........................................................................................2

- Afrotropical......................................................................................... 15

2(1) Fore wing extending well beyond base of gaster, though usually right-angle bent at level of propodeum and with apical portion as long as basal portion ( Figs 14, 15View FIGURES 10 – 18); acropleuron completely bare ( Fig. 17View FIGURES 10 – 18); mesoscutum uniformly setose ( Fig. 15View FIGURES 10 – 18); syntergum dark with truncate posterior margin and marginal row of setae ( Fig. 18View FIGURES 10 – 18)................... Ooderella ambigua  n. sp.

- Fore wing extending at most slightly beyond posterior margin of propodeum and flat or with only very short apically recurved portion (e.g. Figs 7View FIGURES 1 – 9, 52View FIGURES 45 – 53); acropleuron anteriorly with setae, often as a dense tuft (e.g. Figs 8View FIGURES 1 – 9, 51View FIGURES 45 – 53); mesoscutum usually with dense tuft of setae posteriorly (e.g. Figs 6View FIGURES 1 – 9, 33View FIGURES 28 – 34) and sometimes with similar region of differentiated setae anteriorly (e.g. Figs 50View FIGURES 45 – 53, 114View FIGURES 110 – 117); syntergum sometimes paler apically (e.g. Fig. 9View FIGURES 1 – 9), but at least tapered to posteriorly rounded or angulate margin with subapical setae extending only slightly beyond margin (e.g. Figs 44View FIGURES 35 – 44, 100View FIGURES 99 – 100).........................................3

3(2) Head with frons usually entirely sculptured, variably meshlike reticulate-wrinkled to strongly reticulate or rugulose ( Figs 1View FIGURES 1 – 9, 19View FIGURES 19 – 27, 28View FIGURES 28 – 34, 63View FIGURES 63 – 71), but at least similarly sculptured to scrobal depression in longitudinal band below anterior ocellus ( Fig. 35View FIGURES 35 – 44); ovipositor sheaths often extending conspicuously beyond gastral apex ( Figs 22View FIGURES 19 – 27, 30View FIGURES 28 – 34, 38View FIGURES 35 – 44, 67View FIGURES 63 – 71)....................................4

- Head with frons shiny and smooth except for setiferous punctures and thus distinctly differentiated from strongly sculptured scrobal depression (e.g. Figs 45View FIGURES 45 – 53, 72View FIGURES 72 – 80); ovipositor sheaths extending only slightly beyond gastral apex (e.g. Figs 49View FIGURES 45 – 53, 75View FIGURES 72 – 80)...... 8

4(3) Antenna with at least scape, pedicel and basal four flagellomeres yellow in distinct contrast to more apical darker flagellomeres ( Fig. 23View FIGURES 19 – 27); head green ( Figs 19–21View FIGURES 19 – 27) in distinct contrast to brownish-yellow mesosoma and gaster ( Fig. 22View FIGURES 19 – 27) except gaster almost entirely white ventrally ( Fig. 22View FIGURES 19 – 27: insert); acropleuron anteriorly ( Fig. 26View FIGURES 19 – 27) and mesoscutum posteromedially ( Fig. 24View FIGURES 19 – 27) with only a few, inconspicuous white setae not forming dense tufts............................ Ooderella flavida  n. sp.

- Antenna entirely dark or at most only pedicel and basal four flagellomeres very slightly paler than scape and more apical flagellomeres ( Fig. 29View FIGURES 28 – 34); head less distinctly contrasting in color with darker orangish-brown to dark brown mesosoma and gaster, and gaster ventrally at most paler to white basally, though sometimes also subbasally dorsally ( Figs 4View FIGURES 1 – 9, 30View FIGURES 28 – 34, 41View FIGURES 35 – 44, 67View FIGURES 63 – 71); acropleuron ( Figs 8View FIGURES 1 – 9, 30View FIGURES 28 – 34, 41View FIGURES 35 – 44, 70View FIGURES 63 – 71) and mesoscutum posteromedially ( Figs 6View FIGURES 1 – 9, 33View FIGURES 28 – 34, 40View FIGURES 35 – 44, 68View FIGURES 63 – 71) with distinct, dense tufts of white setae................................................................................................... 5

5(4) Ovipositor sheaths extending only slightly beyond gastral apex ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 1 – 9); fore wing disc entirely, extensively setose ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 1 – 9); scape mostly yellowish except usually apically ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 1 – 9) [Nearctic]......................... Ooderella americana  n. sp.

- Ovipositor sheaths extending conspicuously beyond gastral apex ( Figs 30View FIGURES 28 – 34, 38View FIGURES 35 – 44, 67View FIGURES 63 – 71); fore wing disc variably sparsely but inconspicuously setose ( Figs 32View FIGURES 28 – 34, 42View FIGURES 35 – 44, 69View FIGURES 63 – 71); scape entirely dark [Neotropical].............................................6

6(5) Frons mostly smooth and shiny except for longitudinal band of reticulate-punctate sculpture below anterior ocellus ( Fig. 35View FIGURES 35 – 44)............................................................................... Ooderella hyalipleura  n. sp.

- Frons entirely, similarly sculptured as scrobal depression ( Figs 28View FIGURES 28 – 34, 63View FIGURES 63 – 71)...........................................7

7(6) Body mostly dark brown excluding white regions subbasally on gaster ( Figs 67, 71View FIGURES 63 – 71); head with frontovertex quite strongly reticulate-punctate ( Fig. 63View FIGURES 63 – 71); antenna entirely dark ( Fig. 66View FIGURES 63 – 71); scrobal depression variably distinctly differentiated by slender transverse furrow above each torulus ( Fig. 63View FIGURES 63 – 71)........................................ Ooderella reticulifrons  n. sp.

- Body with head green but mesosoma and gaster orangish to yellowish-brown excluding white regions subbasally on gaster

( Figs 31, 34View FIGURES 28 – 34); head with frons and ocellar triangle quite shallowly meshlike reticulate compared to more coarsely reticulate vertex ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 28 – 34); antenna with pedicel apically and basal four flagellomeres somewhat paler, more yellowish-brown, than remainder ( Fig. 29View FIGURES 28 – 34); scrobal depression differentiated only by transverse, reddish-violaceous luster within scrobes and above interantennal prominence ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 28 – 34).................................................... Ooderella hansoni  n. sp. 8(3) Fore wing usually extending slightly beyond posterior margin of propodeum ( Figs 52View FIGURES 45 – 53, 125View FIGURES 118 – 127) but at least with distinct membranous part (discal region) beyond submarginal vein ( Fig. 153View FIGURES 147 – 155) and its apical-most seta; scrobal depression coriaceous to coriaceous-imbricate ( Figs 45View FIGURES 45 – 53, 118View FIGURES 118 – 127, 147View FIGURES 147 – 155); pronotum with anterolateral corners prolonged into conspicuous tubercle- or cone-like angulations ( Figs 47View FIGURES 45 – 53, 124View FIGURES 118 – 127, 152View FIGURES 147 – 155); tegula with numerous dark setae forming obvious, dense tuft along inner margin apically ( Figs 51View FIGURES 45 – 53, 126View FIGURES 118 – 127, 155View FIGURES 147 – 155).........................................................................................9

- Fore wing in non-contorted individual extending only to about level of propodeal spiracle (e.g. Figs 60View FIGURES 54 – 62, 78View FIGURES 72 – 80) and with submarginal vein extending to or near apical margin such that without distinct membranous region beyond vein and usually with long, apical-most seta on vein extending distinctly beyond apical margin of wing; scrobal depression reticulate to reticulate-rugulose (e.g. Figs 54View FIGURES 54 – 62, 90View FIGURES 90 – 98); pronotum with anterolateral corners usually almost right-angled (e.g. Figs 56View FIGURES 54 – 62, 77View FIGURES 72 – 80); tegula with long dark setae, sometimes even as denser region along inner margin apically, but not as distinct tuft-like region................. 11

9(8) Fore wing extending posteriorly only to about mid-length of propodeum ( Fig. 153View FIGURES 147 – 155); setae forming tegular tuft comparatively short, only about as long as width of tegula ( Fig. 155View FIGURES 147 – 155)..................................... Ooderella thegalea  n. sp.

- Fore wing extending slightly beyond posterior margin of propodeum ( Figs 52View FIGURES 45 – 53, 125View FIGURES 118 – 127); setae forming tegular tuft sometimes obviously longer than width of tegula ( Figs 121, 126View FIGURES 118 – 127)...........................................................10

10(9) Tegula with setal tuft conspicuously long, obviously longer than width of tegula ( Figs 121, 126View FIGURES 118 – 127); legs with protrochanter and mesotibia basally pale ( Fig. 121View FIGURES 118 – 127)................................................. Ooderella spinositegula  n. sp.

- Tegula with setal tuft comparatively short, only about as long as width of tegula ( Figs 49, 51View FIGURES 45 – 53); legs with protrochanter and mesotibia basally dark ( Fig. 49View FIGURES 45 – 53).................................................. Ooderella melanosceles  n. sp.

11(8) Fore wing disc setose ( Fig. 78View FIGURES 72 – 80); mesoscutum with posterior setal region apical, the setae extending to posterior margin of sclerite ( Fig. 77View FIGURES 72 – 80); scape slender, only slightly broader basally than apically and with dorsal and ventral margins subparallel ( Fig. 76View FIGURES 72 – 80).................................................................................. Ooderella setosa  n. sp.

- Fore wing disc bare (e.g. Fig. 97View FIGURES 90 – 98); mesoscutum with posterior setal region sometimes mesal to subapical, the posterior-most setae then distinctly separated from posterior margin of sclerite ( Figs 59View FIGURES 54 – 62, 95, 96View FIGURES 90 – 98, 114View FIGURES 110 – 117, 143View FIGURES 137 – 146); scape sometimes obviously wider basally than apically because ventral margin distinctly sinuate ( Fig. 139View FIGURES 137 – 146).........................................12

12(11) Head often with lighter-colored (cf. Fig. 157View FIGURES 156 – 164) but at least slightly angulate ocellocular marks ( Fig. 92View FIGURES 90 – 98); mesoscutum at least without distinct region(s) of white lanceolate setae anteriorly, and posteriorly with posterior-most setae of setal region distinctly separated from posterior margin of mesoscutum by distance at least equal to width of setal region ( Figs 95, 96View FIGURES 90 – 98); fore wing disc comparatively wide, about 3× as wide as width of costal cell ( Fig. 97View FIGURES 90 – 98); mesopectus more or less uniformly setose with setae sometimes continuous to acropleural setal tuft, but at least with setae along acropleural sulcus conspicuously longer, at least 3× as long as other shorter setae ( Fig. 98View FIGURES 90 – 98)...................................... Ooderella smithii Ashmead 

- Head uniformly colored and smoothly convex between posterior ocellus and inner orbit ( Figs 56View FIGURES 54 – 62, 111View FIGURES 110 – 117, 138View FIGURES 137 – 146); mesoscutum anteriorly usually with quite obvious region(s) of differentiated white lanceolate setae on either side of midline ( Figs 114View FIGURES 110 – 117, 143View FIGURES 137 – 146), and posterior setal region extending to posterior margin or separated by distance less than width of setal region ( Figs 59View FIGURES 54 – 62, 114View FIGURES 110 – 117, 14 3View FIGURES 10 – 18); fore wing disc narrower, usually only about 2× width of costal cell ( Figs 60View FIGURES 54 – 62, 115View FIGURES 110 – 117, 144View FIGURES 137 – 146); mesopectus variably setose, sometimes with setae along acropleural sulcus not differentiated in length from other setae, but at least shorter, at most about 2× as long as other setae ( Figs 61View FIGURES 54 – 62, 116View FIGURES 110 – 117, 145View FIGURES 137 – 146).......................................................................... 13

13(12) Gaster dark brown except white ventrobasally ( Figs 112, 117View FIGURES 110 – 117); labial and maxillary palps brown ( Figs 110, 113View FIGURES 110 – 117); front leg with trochanter brownish, not distinctly contrasting with procoxa or profemur, and both meso- and metacoxae dark brown; mesopectus with dense region of overlapping white lanceolate setae forming reflective patch below acropleural tuft ( Fig. 116View FIGURES 110 – 117)................................................................................. Ooderella speculifrons  n. sp.

- Gaster entirely orangish-brown to dark brown ( Figs 57, 62View FIGURES 54 – 62, 140, 146View FIGURES 137 – 146); labial and maxillary palps yellowish to white ( Figs 58View FIGURES 54 – 62, 142View FIGURES 137 – 146); front leg with trochanter yellowish to white and distinctly contrasting with procoxa and profemur, and meso- and metacoxae at least partly pale to partly orangish-brown; mesopectus with comparatively sparse region of slender white lanceolate setae below and sometimes anterior to acropleural tuft, with cuticle clearly visible between setae ( Figs 61View FIGURES 54 – 62, 145View FIGURES 137 – 146)..........14

14(13) Mesoscutum anteriorly without differentiated region of white setae, and posterior setal region subapical, the posterior-most setae distinctly separated from posterior margin ( Fig. 59View FIGURES 54 – 62); scape similarly brownish as flagellum and tubular, subequally wide throughout ( Fig. 58View FIGURES 54 – 62); scrobal depression with dorsal margin somewhat bell-shaped, angularly O-like medially and sinuately recurved to inner orbit about midway to torulus ( Fig. 54View FIGURES 54 – 62), and separated from anterior ocellus by distance similar to LOL and POL ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 54 – 62).................................................................. Ooderella microptera  n. sp.

- Mesoscutum with differentiated region of white setae anteriorly, and posterior setal region apical, the setae extending to or almost to posterior margin of sclerite ( Fig. 143View FIGURES 137 – 146); scape yellow except ventrobasally and distinctly broader basally than apically because of sinuate ventral margin ( Fig. 139View FIGURES 137 – 146); scrobal depression with dorsal margin broadly arched between inner orbits ( Fig. 137View FIGURES 137 – 146) and separated from anterior ocellus by distance distinctly greater than either LOL or POL ( Fig. 138View FIGURES 137 – 146)............................................................................................... Ooderella stenoptera  n. sp.

15(1) Ovipositor sheaths extending conspicuously beyond gastral apex by distance greater than half length of metatibia ( Fig. 177View FIGURES 174 – 184); fore wing membrane virtually bare behind/beyond venation ( Fig. 183View FIGURES 174 – 184)..................... Ooderella gymnosoma  n. sp.

- Ovipositor sheaths extending only slightly beyond gastral apex ( Figs 158View FIGURES 156 – 164, 168View FIGURES 165 – 173, 187View FIGURES 185 – 193, 197View FIGURES 194 – 204); fore wing membrane densely setose behind/beyond venation ( Figs 162View FIGURES 156 – 164, 171View FIGURES 165 – 173, 190View FIGURES 185 – 193, 199View FIGURES 194 – 204)...........................................................16

16(15) Propodeum long, medial length about 3× that of metanotum, and with complete median carina ( Fig. 190View FIGURES 185 – 193)............................................................................................... Ooderella kenyaensis  n. sp.

- Propodeum much shorter, medial length less than 2× that of metanotum, and with at most very short, inconspicuous median carina anteriorly ( Figs 162View FIGURES 156 – 164, 171View FIGURES 165 – 173, 202View FIGURES 194 – 204)..................................................................... 17

17(16) Antenna with scape strongly compressed ( Figs 194, 198View FIGURES 194 – 204) and flagellum usually bicolored with at least fl4 and often fl3–fl5 yellowish ( Fig. 198View FIGURES 194 – 204); fore wing elongate-spatulate, about 3× as long as wide, with venation extending virtually to anteroapical margin of wing ( Fig. 199View FIGURES 194 – 204); mesoscutum with lateral lobes carinately angled over at least posterior half and strongly reticulate only within anterior half or less ( Fig. 201View FIGURES 194 – 204); pronotum usually with neck conspicuously more densely setose with dark setae than collar.................................................................... Ooderella platyscapus  n. sp.

- Antenna with scape slender with slightly sinuous ventral margin so to be only slightly wider subbasally than apically, and flagellum entirely dark ( Figs 159View FIGURES 156 – 164, 169View FIGURES 165 – 173); fore wing only about 2× as long as wide and venation extending at most about 0.75× length such that with distinct membranous region beyond vein ( Figs 162View FIGURES 156 – 164, 171View FIGURES 165 – 173); mesoscutum with lateral lobes carinately angled only over about posterior third or less and much more extensively meshlike reticulate anteriorly ( Figs 161View FIGURES 156 – 164, 170View FIGURES 165 – 173); pronotum with collar and neck similarly, comparatively inconspicuously setose........................................18

18(17) Head with frons smooth and shiny or at most with subeffaced meshlike coriaceous sculpture except for setiferous pits ( Fig. 165View FIGURES 165 – 173), but at least much smoother than scrobes or vertex; scape brown to dark brown ( Fig. 169View FIGURES 165 – 173).... Ooderella capensis  n. sp.

- Head with frons shallowly meshlike reticulate ( Figs 156, 157View FIGURES 156 – 164); scape yellow ( Fig. 159View FIGURES 156 – 164)......... Ooderella botswanae  n. sp.