Xiphocentron (Antillotrichia) copacabana,

Vilarino, Albane, Cavalcante, Bruna Maria Silva, Dumas, Leandro Lourenço & Nessimian, Jorge Luiz, 2018, Four new species of Xiphocentron Brauer, 1870 (Trichoptera: Xiphocentronidae) from the Atlantic Forest, southeastern Brazil, European Journal of Taxonomy 441, pp. 1-16: 4-7

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Xiphocentron (Antillotrichia) copacabana

sp. nov.

Xiphocentron (Antillotrichia) copacabana  sp. nov.


Figs 2–3View FigView Fig


The new species resembles X. maiteae  in having the basoventral margin of the inferior appendages distinctly projected posterad. However, the new species differs by having a small mesal sclerite and two clusters of small spines on the inner face of the inferior appendages, one on the ventral projection and another subapically. In X. maiteae  , the ventral projection has large dentate spines, and does not form these two clusters of small spines. Additionally, the new species has a broader posterior region on tergum IX and the apex of the phallus is not enlarged as in X. maiteae  . They also are differentiated by the forewing venation: fork II is sessile in the new species, while it is peciolate in X. maiteae  .


The specific epithet refers to the beach at Copacabana, one of the most famous beaches in the world and located in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

Material examined


BRAZIL: ³, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Parque Nacional da Tijuca, Rio Archer, Cascata Gabriela , 22º57′16.0″ S, 43°17′20.2″ W, alt. 498 m, 11 Oct. 2014, B.M. Silva, L.L. Dumas, J.L. Nessimian, K.A. Estevão and F. Quintarelli leg. ( DZRJ 7334).



BRAZIL: 1 Ƌ, Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, Parque Nacional da Tijuca, 22º56′96.7″ S, 43°17′67.9″ W, alt. 786 m, Oct. 2016, L. Silveira, S. Vaz and B. Clarkson leg. ( MZSP 5411).



Forewing length 3.2–3.5 mm (n =2). Overall color (in alcohol) nearly uniformly medium brown. Tibial spur formula 2-4-3. Hind tibia apical spurs not modified ( Fig. 2AView Fig). Forewings covered with fine, short, brown setae, with opaque region on anterior margin between Sc and R1 veins. Wing venation ( Fig. 2BView Fig). Forewings: forks II and IV present; Sc reaching costa; fork II sessile starting in the discoidal cell; thyridial cell opened; fake vein present between M and Cu1a+b; two anal veins are present. Hind wings: forks II and V present; fake veins present; Rs with three branches R2+3, R4 and R5; R1 absent. Abdominal sternum V bearing a pair of mammiform glandular regions ( Fig. 2CView Fig).

Male genitalia ( Fig. 3View Fig A–F)

Tergum IX, in lateral view ( Fig. 3AView Fig), saddle-like, dorsally as broad as ventrally, dorsal margin undulated, anteroventral margin rounded, dorsal region of posterior margin produced posterad, forming a lobe; in dorsal view ( Fig. 3BView Fig), anterior margin with a deep V-shaped central incision; posterolateral margins rounded; posterior margin squarely projected, apex subtruncated, slightly convex.

Sternum IX, in lateral view ( Fig. 3AView Fig), dorsal margin straight, anterior margin medially with a medial apodeme, ventrally with an acute indentation, ventral margin rounded at base, posterior margin rounded; apodeme finger-like, apically rounded; in ventral view ( Fig. 3CView Fig), posterior margin rounded, with a shallow rounded mesal incision, anterior margin straight, lateral apodemes longer than half- length of sternum IX, strongly tapered apically. Segment X semi-membranous; in lateral view ( Fig. 3AView Fig), elongated, apicodorsally rounded, apicoventrally projected; in dorsal view ( Fig. 3BView Fig), wider basally, narrower apically, closed all over its length, medially with a sclerotized band, apex split into two lobes, posterolateral margins slightly projected, truncated.

Preanal appendages elongated, about twice as long as segment X, setose; in lateral view ( Fig. 3AView Fig), basally directed posterodorsally, slightly narrowed and bent posterad at mid-length, apex rounded; in dorsal view ( Fig. 3BView Fig), enlarged at mid-length, apex slightly crenulated. Inferior appendages with articles completely fused ( Fig. 3FView Fig); basal region, in lateral view ( Fig. 3AView Fig), broad, ventral margin distinctly produced; apical region as long as the basal region, slender; in dorsal view ( Fig. 3BView Fig), apex slightly inflated; inner face with sparse spines on the basal region, and cluster of small spines on projected posteroventral margin and subapically on apical region; mesal sclerite small, slightly larger than sparse spines of basal region.

Phallus tubular, long and slender, in lateral view ( Fig. 3DView Fig), apex about twice as broad as the base; in dorsal view ( Fig. 3EView Fig), apex not enlarged, semi-membranous.


Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo