Dolichoderus etus , Shattuck, Steven O. & Marsden, Sharon, 2013

Shattuck, Steven O. & Marsden, Sharon, 2013, Australian species of the ant genus Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Zootaxa 3716 (2), pp. 101-143: 116-117

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Dolichoderus etus

sp. n.

Dolichoderus etus  sp. n.

( Fig. 9View FIGURE 9)

Types. Holotype worker from hills to west of Mudgee, approx. 32 ° 36 'S, 149 ° 35 'E, New South Wales, 1 September 1963, B.B. Lowery (ANIC, ANIC 32 -066501); large number of paratype workers, same data as holotype except ANIC 32 - 061390 (most in ANIC, 2 in MCZC).

Diagnosis. Pronotum and propodeum with elongate spines; the short pronotal spines are directed anteriorly and approximately parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body, in dorsal view a line drawn between their tips intersects the pronotal collar; the first gastral tergite generally lacking hairs but with abundant appressed fine pubescence and occasionally a few very short, scattered hairs present.

Dolichoderus etus  can be distinguished from all other Australian Dolichoderus  species by its short, anteriorly directed pronotal spines combined with the general lack of erect hairs and the presence of very fine pubescence on the first gastral tergite.

Worker description. See Fig. 9View FIGURE 9. Other than slight variation in the intensity of leg colour, sometimes even within a single individual, all specimens are similar to the figured individual.

Measurements (n= 5). CI 90–99; EI 17–20; EL 0.30–0.35; HL 1.73–1.91; HW 1.65–1.82; ML 2.73–2.93; MTL 1.84–2.11; PronI 66.21–69.32; PronW 1.13–1.21; SI 113–125; SL 1.99–2.15.

Material examined. New South Wales: Asquith (Schrader,H.P.) (ANIC); Calga (Lowery,B.B.) (ANIC); Maroota State Forest (Gush,T.) (ANIC); Ophir nr. Orange (Taylor,R.W.) (ANIC); Pymble (Mercovich,C.) (ANIC); Wentworth Falls, Blue Mts. (Lowery,B.B.) (ANIC).

Comments. Dolichoderus etus  is interesting in that while it is known from a fairly restricted region of eastern and coastal New South Wales it is found in forested habitats ranging from dry to wet sclerophyll. It is curious that a species with an apparently broad habitat range should be so geographically restricted. Nests are in soil under rocks.