Ariadna caparao

Giroti, André Marsola & Brescovit, Antonio Domingos, 2018, The taxonomy of the American Ariadna Audouin (Araneae: Synspermiata: Segestriidae), Zootaxa 4400 (1), pp. 1-114: 101-104

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4400.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:59CC08B8-5B13-42EC-943E-C930D7D0DD7F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039B87D1-FF80-B17D-169B-F894C312FB61

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ariadna caparao
status

new species

Ariadna caparao  new species

Figures 64‒65View FIGURE64View FIGURE 65, 72View FIGURE 72

Type-material. ♂ holotype and ♀ paratype from Trilha do Terreirão , Parque Nacional da Serra do Caparaó (20°25'S; 41°52'W), Alto Caparaó, Minas Gerais, Brazil, III.2003, E.W. Wienskoski leg., deposited in IBSP 38345GoogleMaps  . Paratypes: 1♂ 1♀, same holotype's data (IBSP 166970); 1♂ 1♀ from Parque Nacional da Serra do Caparaó , Espírito Santo / Minas Gerais, Brazil [20°25'S; 41°52'W], 13.X.1986, R.L.C. Baptista leg. ( MNRJ 06420View Materials).GoogleMaps 

Additional material examined. BRAZIL: Minas Gerais State: Alto Caparaó, Parque Nacional da Serra do Caparaó [20°25'S; 41°52'W], 1♀, III.2003, E. Wienskoski leg. ( IBSP 166971View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, 13.X.1986, R.L.C. Baptista leg. (MNRJ 6411); Espírito Santo State: Ibitirama, Distrito de Santa Maria, Parque Nacional da Serra do Caparaó (20°25'44''S; 41°48'6.7''W), 1♂ 6♀ 1imm., 29.XI.2014, L.S. Carvalho & H.C. Costa leg. (CHNUFPI 1267).GoogleMaps 

Diagnosis. Ariadna caparao  n. sp. is similar to A. lemosi  n. sp. due to the morphology of the male palp ( Figs 65A ‒BView FIGURE 65, 66F ‒GView FIGURE 66), but differs by the sinuous metatarsi I ( Fig. 64D ‒FView FIGURE64), chelicerae with lamelliform distal dorsoprolateral projections ( Fig. 64CView FIGURE64), and abdomen mostly dark dorsally ( Fig. 64AView FIGURE64); females resembles A. obscura  due to the tibiae I ‒II macrosetae pattern, but differs by the anterior receptaculum without an expanded base and with the dorsal lobe long and almost straight ( Fig. 65C ‒DView FIGURE 65).

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality, Parque Nacional da Serra do Caparaó, Alto Caparaó, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Description. Male (Holotype). Carapace and chelicerae dark brownish orange ( Fig. 64AView FIGURE64). Endites orange; labium dark orange. Sternum orange, with darker margins, and marbled with dark pigment ( Fig. 64BView FIGURE64). Palps orange ( Fig. 65A ‒BView FIGURE 65). Legs yellowish brown, with pairs I ‒II darker and with dark pigment forming diffuse rings in the distal region of femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus and tarsus ( Fig. 64D ‒FView FIGURE64). Abdomen uniformly grey ( Fig. 64A ‒BView FIGURE64). Total length 5.6; carapace 3.04 long, 2.2 wide. Chelicerae with lameliform distal dorso-prolateral projections ( Fig. 64CView FIGURE64). Palps: tibia slightly incrassated, with the dorso-ventral diameter shorter than the bulb; bulb sub-rectangular, mid-portion shorter than the embolus; embolus tubular and tapered ( Fig. 65A ‒BView FIGURE 65). Legs: robust and coated with setae ( Fig. 64D ‒FView FIGURE64); tarsal brush of putative chemosensory setae present in legs I ‒IV, but reduced in pair I. Leg formula: I-II-IV-III. Leg measurements: I, femur 2.96, patella 1.0, tibia 2.12, metatarsus 2.36, tarsus 0.76, total 9.2; II, 2.68, 1.0, 2.12, 2.08, 0.8, 8.68; III, 1.96, 0.76, 1.24, 1.32, 0.68, 5.96; IV, 2.28, 1.0, 1.6, 1.44, 0.68, 7.0. Macrosetae: I, femur D0-0-0-0-0-2-0, P0-0-0-0-1-1-0; tibia P0-1-0-1-0-1-0, vp1-0-0-0-0-0-1, vr1-1-1-1-1-1-1, R0- 1-0-1-0-1-0; metatarsus vp1-0-0-0-0-0-0; II, femur D0-0-0-1-0-2-0, P0-0-0-0-1-1-0; tibia P0-1-0-1-0-1-0, vp0-0-0- 0-0-0-1, vr2/1-1-1-1-1/0-1-1/0-1, R1-0-1-0-1-0-1; metatarsus vp1-0-0-0-0-0-0, vr1-0-0-1-0-0-1; IV, femur D1-1-1- 1-0-1-0, R0-0-0-0-0-1-0; metatarsus vp0-0-0-0-0-0-2/1, vr metatarsal comb with 5 macrosetae.

Female (Paratype—IBSP 38345). Coloration as in male; palps reddish orange, gradually darkening to distal direction ( Fig. 64View FIGURE64 G-J). Total length 8.44; carapace 4.12 long, 2.8 wide. Chelicerae without lamelliform distal dorso-prolateral projections Carapace with cephalic region elevated ( Fig. 64GView FIGURE64). Legs: robust and densely coated with setae, with the setae dorsally concentrated in the articles; legs I ‒II with ventro-prolateral and ventroretrolateral tibial macrosetae of similar size, and metatarsal macrosetae of different sizes ( Fig. 64I ‒JView FIGURE64). Leg formula: I-II-IV-III. Leg measurements: I, femur 2.92, patella 1.24, tibia 2.08, metatarsus 1.96, tarsus 0.68, total 8.88; II, 2.68, 1.24, 2.16, 1.88, 0.68, 8.64; III, 2.08, 1.08, 1.4, 1.28, 0.6, 6.44; IV, 2.4, 1.36, 1.8, 1.44, 0.64, 7.64. Macrosetae: I, femur D0-0-0-0-0-2-0, P0-0-0-0-2-0-0; tibia vp1-1/0-1-1-1-1/0-1, vr1-1-1-1-1-1/0-1, R0-1-0-1-0-1-0; metatarsus vp1-1-0/1-1-1-1-1-1-1, vr1-1-1-1-0/1-1-0/1-1-1 ( Fig. 64I ‒JView FIGURE64); II, P0-0-0-0-1-1-0; tibia vp1-0-1-1-1-1-0, vr1-1-1-1- 1-0/1-1-0, R0-0-0-1-1-1-0; metatarsus vp1-1-1-1-1-1/0-1-1-1, vr1-1-1-0-1-1-1-1-1; IV, metatarsus vr metatarsal comb with 6 macrosetae. Internal genitalia: anterior receptaculum billobulated, with elongated lobes, being the ventral one longer than the dorsal. Ventral lobe sinuous, with the tip expanded and glandular ducts plate located in the median region, extending to the proximal region of the dorsal lobe ( Fig. 65C ‒DView FIGURE 65).

Variation. Male (n=5): Total length 5.6‒7.52; carapace 3.04‒4.0 long, 2.2‒2.72 wide; femur I 2.96‒3.6. Female (n=10): Total length 7.84‒10.2; carapace 3.88‒4.52 long, 2.68‒3.12 wide; femur I 2.64‒3.04.

Distribution. Brazil (east of Minas Gerais and west of Espírito Santo) ( Fig. 72View FIGURE 72).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Segestriidae

Genus

Ariadna