Megarthrus alatorreorum

Rodríguez, William David & Navarrete-Heredia, José Luis, 2015, A new Mexican species of Megarthrus Curtis (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Proteininae), Zootaxa 3918 (4), pp. 594-598: 594-598

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3918.4.9

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:616E9E10-29F6-4690-B02E-CC1922BD7BF6

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039B879C-FFA6-FFF6-FF3F-48D380E8FDCF

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Megarthrus alatorreorum
status

 

Megarthrus alatorreorum  sp nov.

Holotype ♂. MÉXICO, JAL: Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 12. Calamar. 7. VI- 2. VII.2014, 20 ° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm, Col. William D. Rodríguez, ( CZUG). Paratypes (28) MÉXICO, JAL: Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 12. Calamar. 7. VI – 2. VII.2014, 20 ° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez (1 ♂ 3 ♀: CZUG); MÉXICO, JAL: Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 12. Calamar. 7. VI – 2. VII.2014, 20 ° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez (1 ♂ CZUG); MÉXICO, JAL: Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 11. Calamar. 2. VII- 3 VIII. 2014, 20 ° 10 ´ 8.94 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 53.76 ”W, 2776 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez (1 ♀: CZUG); MÉXICO, JAL: Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 - 10. Calamar. 2 -VII al 3 -VIII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 9.54 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.72 ”W, 2774 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀: CZUG); MÉXICO, JAL: Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 - 12. Calamar. 7 -VI al 2 -VII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀: CZUG); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09-Calamar. 28 -IX / 31 -X de 2013,20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♂ CNIN); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -07. Calamar. 7 -VI al 2 -VII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 3.78 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 27.12 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀ CNIN); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 - 12. Calamar. 4 - V al 7 - VI de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀ CNIN); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09. Calamar. 2 -VII al 3 -VIII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (2 ♀ CNIN); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09. Calamar. 3 -VIII al 3 IX de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀ CNIN); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09. Calamar. 2 -VII al 3 -VIII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♂ MUD); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 - 12. Calamar. 4 - V al 7 - VI de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♂ MUD); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09. Calamar. 7 -VI al 2 -VII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (2 ♀ MUD); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 - 12. Calamar. 2 -VII al 3 -VIII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (2 ♀ MUD); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09. Calamar. 2 -VII al 3 -VIII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (2 ♀ MUD); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09. Calamar. 3 -VIII al 3 IX de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀ MUD); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 - 12. Calamar. 4 - V al 7 - VI de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♂ MHNG); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09. Calamar. 2 -VII al 3 - VIII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (2 ♀ MHNG); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -07. Calamar. 7 -VI al 2 -VII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 3.78 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 27.12 ”W, 2623 msnm.Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀ MHNG); MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 - 12. Calamar. 2 -VII al 3 -VIII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀ MHNG). Additional specimens examined, not types: MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09. Calamar. 3 -VIII al 3 IX de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (2 ♂ CZUG), MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 - 12. Calamar. 2 -VII al 3 -VIII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 8.16 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.78 ”W, 2775 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♂ CZUG), MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09-Calamar. 09-XII / 30 -XII de 2013, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm.Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀ CZUG), MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 -09. Calamar. 3 - VIII al 3 IX de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 7.5 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 22.2 ”W, 2623 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (4 ♀ CZUG), MÉXICO: JAL, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García, NTP- 80 - 10. Calamar. 7 -VI al 2 -VII de 2014, 20° 10 ´ 9.54 ” N 103 ° 20 ´ 51.72 ”W, 2774 msnm. Col. William D. Rodríguez. (1 ♀ CZUG).

Description. Habitus as in Fig. 1. Combined length of pronotum and elytra = 1.5-1.7 mm; length of pronotum = 0.5–0.7 mm. Body dark brown with appendages paler. Dorsal pubescence uniform; medial frontal setae directed backward; elytral and pronotal pubescence slightly arcuate, recumbent; metasternal pubescence becoming sparser in the middle part, recumbent, shorter than prosternal pubescence; pubescence on abdominal tergites parallel, uniform. Front and anterior portion of prohypomera granulate; frontal granulation fine; pronotum, elytral and lateral portions of metasternum granulo-fossulate; posteriomedial portion of metasternum impunctate.

Frons above clypeus with a concave ridge, the latter not carinate; mesal portion of disc weakly evenly convex in lateral view; U-shaped frontal impression very open and inconspicuous. Temples nearly flat in dorsal view. Antennae ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2), 1.9–2.1 times longer than pronotum.

Pronotum (Fig. 3) with center moderately convex in frontal view; disc shallowly depressed along lateral edges; medial groove nearly straight in lateral view, shallow, parallel-sided; hypomera without discal ridge, nor pit. Prosternal medial ridge absent. Scutellum with anterior margin slightly arcuate in middle and posterior margin slightly arcuate toward acutely angular apex.

Elytra gradually widened ( Fig. 1); humeral callus obsolete; disc with very low swellings, nearly flat posteriorly along lateral edge; the lateral edge finely carinate, not denticulate, nearly straight in dorsal view.

Abdominal sternites II and III with medial processes as in Fig. 4, posterior portion of process of sternite III straight.

Male: Anterior frontal edge raised in middle, horn-like. Protarsomeres 1 bearing tenent setae. Metafemora about as long as mesofemora (Fig. 5). Metatibiae (Fig. 6) longer than mesotibiae (Fig. 7). Metatarsomeres 1 shorter than combined length of metatarsomeres 2-4. Peg-like setae arranged in a row on mesotrochanters (Fig. 5) and metatibiae, in a double row on mesotibiae, and absent from protrochanter profemora, protibiae, mesofemora, metatrochanter and metafemora. Pubescence on sternites IV –VII becoming denser posteriomedially. Apex of abdominal tergite VIII as in Figs 8–9. Sternite VIII as in Fig. 10. Hemitergites IX as in Fig. 11. Sternite IX lacking subbasal protuberance. Aedeagus as in Figs 12–13.

Female: Anterior frontal edge evenly arcuate in dorsal view. Abdominal tergite VIII (Figs 14–15) with medioapical projection longer that sternite VIII; pubescence on sternites IV-VII uniform; sternite VIII as in Fig. 16. Genital segments as in Figs 17–19; gonocoxal plate lacking mediodorsal ridge.

Etymology. The name is in honor of Patricia Guillermina Alatorre Delgado and in general to the Alatorre family for their hospitality, respect and affection.

Phenology. Specimens were collected in May, June, July, August, October and December. Highest abundance was in June (13) and July (13).

Distribution. This new species of Megarthrus  is apparently restricted to a montane forest of Pinus  - Quercus  in the Transmexican Volcanic Belt (Jalisco: Teocuitatlán de Corona, Cerro de García), where dominant plant elements are: Lamiaceae  ( Salvia gesneriflora  , Salvia iodantha  and Salvia elegans  ), Primulaceae  ( Anagallis arvensis  ), Fagaceae  ( Quercus crassipes  ), Verbenaceae  ( Lippia  spp.), Amaranthaceae  ( Iresine  spp.), Onagraceae  ( Lopezia  spp. and Fuchsia  spp.) and Asteraceae  ( Verbesina  spp.).

Specimens were collected between 2400–2800 masl with carrion traps baited with squid. Although the species has been collected only with carrion traps we assume that it is not a carrion feeder but a saprophagous species, as other species in this genus. Mushrooms, fruits and other organic matter at decomposing stages might attract more specimens. The minimun temperature of the habitat was 12 °C, mean 19.93 °C and a maximum of 29.5 °C, the minimum relative humidity was 24 %, mean 68.5 % and a maximum of 89 %. The mean rainfall was 6.7 mm /month.

Remarks. Megarthrus alatorreorum  , M. altivagans  and M. ashei Cuccodoro & Löbl, 1996  (from Arizona and New Mexico) are the only New World members of the genus to possess an asymmetrical aedeagal valve in combination with prohypomera lacking discal ridge.Among these species M. alatorreorum  and M. altivagans  uniquely share a modified frons in the male, but M. altivagans  lacks a medio-apical projection on abdominal tergite VIII in the female. The aedeagal shape is also diagnostic.

CZUG

Universidad de Guadalajara,Centro de Estudios en Zoologia, Entomologia

CNIN

Coleccion Nacional de Insectos, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle