Heterocypris sarakhamensis, Savatenalinton, 2020
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Heterocypris sarakhamensis , new species
Heterocypris sp. – Savatenalinton & Suttajit, 2016: 9, table 2. Material examined. Holotype: Male GoogleMaps , soft parts dissected in glycerine on a sealed slide, valves stored dry on a micropalaeontological slide ( MSU-ZOC.246), a temporary pond, Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand, 16°14′54″N 103°15′21″E, coll. S Savatenalinton, 24 September 2005.
Allotypes: 1 female, stored like the holotype (MSU- ZOC.247), same data as holotype GoogleMaps .
Paratypes: 2 dissected males ( MSU-ZOC.248–249) stored like the holotype, 2 undissected males ( MSU-ZOC.250–251) stored dry on micropalaeontological slides, 2 dissected females ( MSU-ZOC.252–253) stored like the holotype, 3 undissected females ( MSU-ZOC.254–256) stored dry on a micropalaeontological slide, c. 10 males and 20 females in 70% ethanol, same data as holotype GoogleMaps .
Measurements (ranges in μm). Female. Cp: L = 1200 – 1208, H = 733 – 750, W = 516 – 517. Male. Cp: L = 1016 – 1017, H = 625 – 626, W = 416 – 417.
Diagnosis. Carapace in lateral view subovate, LV overlapping RV all free margins, anterior and posterior ends subequally rounded. Carapace in dorsal view subelliptical, anterior end narrowly rounded without compression, posterior end more rounded. RV in internal view with tuberculated margin antero-ventrally (27 – 32 tubercles), postero-ventrally (25 – 30 tubercles); posterior half of dorsal margin arching inwardly representing thick appearance. LV in internal view with broad border at postero-ventral part, posterior margins rounded (not angulated). Valve surface with shallow pits and setae dispersedly. A2 with long natatory setae. Both bristles on third endite of Mx1 serrated. a, b, d-setae on T1 present. T2 without d2 seta, d1 seta short. T3 with pincer organ at terminal end, f-seta long (reaching end of terminal segment). CR with long Ga claw, length of ramus 1.65 times that of Ga claw.
Description of female. Carapace in lateral view ( Fig. 1B, C View Fig ). Subovate, anterior and posterior margins subequally rounded, LV overlapping RV, anteriorly, ventrally and posteriorly, dorsal margin strongly arched, greatest height situated at mid-length, ventral margin straight, valve surface with very shallow pits (almost smooth) and thin setae scattering ( Fig. 1F View Fig ).
Carapace in dorsal view ( Fig. 1A View Fig ). Subelliptical, with greatest width situated at mid-length, LV overlapping RV anteriorly and posteriorly, anterior and posterior ends rounded, posterior more rounded.
LV in interior view ( Fig. 2A, C, D View Fig ). Subovate, anterior margin rounded, posterior margin rounded (not angulated) with broad border at postero-ventral part, complementary sockets present at antero-ventral and postero-ventral margins, dorsal margin distinctly arched, greatest height situated slightly before mid-length, ventral margin somewhat straight; calcified inner lamella relatively wide anteriorly and posteriorly, without inner list.
RV in interior view ( Fig. 2B, E, F View Fig ). Subovate, anterior and posterior margins subequally rounded (posterior slightly more rounded), tubercles present at antero-ventral (27 – 32 tubercles) and postero-ventral (25 – 30 tubercles) margins, dorsal margin distinctly arched with posterior half margin arching inwardly representing thick appearance, greatest height situated c. mid-length, ventral margin slightly sinuated at mid-length; calcified inner lamella relatively wide anteriorly and posteriorly, without inner list.
A1 ( Fig. 3A View Fig ). First segment with small proximal Wouters organ, one subapical dorsal seta of long length (reaching half of next segment) and two long apical ventral setae. Second segment slightly wider than long, with one short apical dorsal seta (not reaching mid-length of next segment) and small Rome organ. Third segment bearing two subequally long setae (one apical dorsal seta, one apical ventral seta), reaching beyond tip of fourth segment. Fourth segment with two long dorsal setae and two subequal, shorter ventral setae (both reaching slightly beyond tip of terminal segment). Fifth segment dorsally with two long setae, ventrally with two (one long, one shorter) setae, shorter one reaching far beyond tip of terminal segment. Penultimate segment with four long and one shorter setae, shorter one reaching beyond tip of terminal segment. Terminal segment with three (two long, one short) apical setae and aesthetasc Ya, the latter c. half of short apical seta.
A2 ( Fig. 3B View Fig ). Exopod with three (one long, two short) setae, long one reaching tip of first endopodal segment. First endopodal segment with five long (reaching beyond tip of terminal claws) and one short natatory setae, length of shortest seta not reaching tip of penultimate segment (length c. ¾ that of penultimate segment), aesthetasc Y slim, short (c. ⅓ of length of segment), apical ventral seta long, reaching slightly beyond tip of terminal segment. Penultimate segment undivided, distally with three serrated claws (G1 – G3), G2 shortest claw (length c. ⅔ that of G1 claw), aesthetasc y2 short (less than half of terminal segment), z1–z3 setae long; this segment medially with two (one long, one shorter) dorsal setae (length of short one c. ¾ that of long one) and four ventral setae of unequal length (t1–t4). Terminal segment with two serrated claws (GM and Gm), g-seta and aesthetasc y3, length of Gm slightly more than half of that of GM, g-seta short (slightly beyond accompanying seta of aesthetasc y3), length of aesthetasc y3 c. ½ that of accompanying seta.
Md-palp ( Fig. 3C, D View Fig ). First segment with two large setae (s1 and s2), one slender, long seta and short α-seta, the latter smooth and slim. Second segment dorsally with three unequal long apical setae, length of shortest c. ¾ that of longest; ventrally with a group of three long hirsute setae, one shorter hirsute seta and β-seta, the latter slim and plumose. Penultimate segment consisting of three groups of setae: dorsally with a group of four unequally long, subapical setae; laterally with apical γ-seta and three further smooth apical setae, γ-seta short, stout, hirsute (tip slightly beyond end of terminal segment); ventrally with two (one long, one very short) apical setae, short one not reaching mid-length of terminal segment. Terminal segment bearing three claws and three setae. Md-coxa ( Fig. 4A View Fig ) elongated, with c. 16 blunt teeth.
Mx1 ( Fig. 4B View Fig ) with two-segmented palp, three endites, and a large branchial plate; basal segment of palp with group of five long, unequal apical setae and two (one long, one short) subapical setae, short one not reaching tip of terminal segment (c. ¾ of terminal segment), terminal segment elongated (length c. two times width), apically with three claws and three setae. Two large bristles on third endite serrated. Sideways-directed bristles on first endite unequally long, length of short one c. ⅔ that of long one.
T1 ( Fig. 4C View Fig ) protopod with two short a-setae, long b (c. four times the length of a-setae) and d-setae, b seta shorter (c. ¾) than d seta, distally with 14 (10 apical, four subapical) hirsute setae of unequal length. Endopod weakly built palp with three unequal apical setae, length of shortest one c. half of longest one.
T2 ( Fig. 4D View Fig ) 5-segmented. Protopod with short d1 seta, d2 seta absent. First endopod segment with short e-seta (reaching mid-length of penultimate segment). Penultimate segment divided into two segments: a and b segments, a-segment bearing long f-seta (reaching tip of terminal segment), b-segment with a pair of apical setae (long g-seta and one short seta), short one c. ⅓ of g-seta. Terminal segment with two (one dorsally, one ventrally) long apical h1 and h3 setae and a serrated claw (h2), length of h3 c. ⅓ of that of h2.
T3 ( Fig. 5A View Fig ) cleaning limb. First segment with long d1, d2, dp setae. Second segment with long apical e-seta (reaching tip of next segment). Third segment with medially long f-seta (reaching tip of segment). Terminal segment with apical pincer (h2), one short h1 seta, and one reflexed subapical h3 seta, length of the latter c. ¾ that of third segment.
Caudal ramus ( Fig. 5B View Fig ) well-developed, length of claw Ga c. half of that of ramus, length of claw Gp c. ⅔ that of claw Ga. Sa seta thin, short (c. half of claw Ga), slightly hirsute, Sp seta thin, long (reaching half of claw Gp). Caudal ramus attachment ( Fig. 5C View Fig ) long, slender, dorsal branch reduced, ventral branch slim, with pointed end.
Description of male. Carapace and valves ( Figs. 1D, E View Fig , 2G, H View Fig ) as in female, but somewhat smaller. All limbs as in female, except for last two segments of A2 ( Fig. 5A, B View Fig ) and T1 ( Fig. 5C, D View Fig ).
Setae z1 and z2 of penultimate segment of A2 transformed into claws; claw G1 reduced, appearing smaller and shorter; claw G3 reduced to seta, length of claw G1 slightly less than half of claw G2; length of G3 almost same length of claw G1; Gm on terminal segment of A2 reduced, appearing smaller and shorter (length beyond half of that of GM).
T1 with asymmetrical prehensile palps (endopodites). Left prehensile palp ( Fig. 5C View Fig ) with first segment bearing two short apical spines; second segment narrow, curved and pointed. Right prehensile palp ( Fig. 5D View Fig ) with first segment bearing two long apical spines; second segment large, subtriangular.
Hemipenis ( Fig. 5E View Fig ). Medial shield large, subtriangular with blunt end, lateral shield elongated, curved apically with pointed end, internal postlabyrinthal spermiduct with one loop. Zenker organ ( Fig. 5F View Fig ) elongated, length c. 5.3 times width, set with many chitinous spiny whirls.
Etymology. The species is named after Maha Sarakham Province, which is also, in short, called “Sarakham”, where the new species was discovered.
Distribution and ecology. Heterocypris sarakhamensis , new species, is a rare species. It was found in only one locality, a pond in Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand. This pond was densely covered with aquatic plants, most of them water hyacinth. It is dried occasionally.
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