Gryllotalpidae Leach, 1815

Cadena-Castañeda, Oscar J., 2015, The phallic structures in Gryllotalpidae (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpoidea), and its generic implications, Zootaxa 3981 (2), pp. 264-274 : 266

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Gryllotalpidae Leach, 1815


Gryllotalpidae Leach, 1815

On the basis of genital structure, the following characters occur in this family:

Phallic complex invaginated at rest, and with traverse sclerotization. Hyalinus plate present, enveloping the central structure of the phallic complex, allowing the union of the two main phallic layers (epiphallus and ectophallus). Dorsal phallic gland present, covering most of the dorsal region of the genitalia, connecting the median prolongation with the ejaculatory duct. Endophallus indistinct, ectophallus and endophallus prominent. Epiphallus made of a transversal sclerite with varying shape (varying between genera) connected to the central region of the epiphallus by a peduncule (base of the transversal sclerite). Median prolongation made of a tubular protuberance (bmp) and an apical sclerite (amp). epiphallic sclerification transversal. Ectophallus made of parameres (ectophallic parameres or epi-ectophallic invagination), connected to the basal plate; internal ectophallic process present and of varying shape.