Zodariidae, Thorell, 1881

Jocqué, Rudy, Jocque, Merlijn, Stock, Willem, Rin, Naroeun & Henrard, Arnaud, 2019, The new Southeast Asian genus Cambonilla gen. nov. (Zodariidae, Araneae): ‘ bis repetita placent’, European Journal of Taxonomy 501, pp. 1-24: 5-7

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2019.501

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1895CB2F-AF41-478F-BE0F-AFCCD114DB87

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03848798-FF93-FF8A-FF3B-50A920251CE3

treatment provided by

PlaziZenodoSync

scientific name

Zodariidae
status

 

Key to the genera of Zodariidae  from tropical Asia

1. Femoral organ present on all legs, or at least legs II-IV (A) ............................................................. 2

– Femoral organ absent......................................................................................................................... 5

2. Legs with dense cover of flattened incised setae (C); femoral organ single, on retro-lateral side (A)......................................................................................... Tropizodium Jocqué & Churchill, 2005 

– Legs not covered with flattened incised setae; femoral organ double, on pro- and retrolateral side (B) ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

3. AME less than half their diameter apart (E); anterior femora with prolateral wrinkles (F); chilum faint (females unknown)....................................................... Malayozodarion Ono & Hashim, 2008 

– AME their diameter or slightly less apart (D); femora without wrinkles; chilum well developed ... 4

4. Cymbium narrow, with strong retrolateral fold (G); ducts in epigyne intricately wound (H)...................................................................................................................... Asceua Thorell, 1887 

– Cymbium wide, without retrolateral fold (I) but sometimes with pit; epigyne with few loops (J) ..................................................................................................................... Suffasia Jocqué, 1991 

5. Tarsi with two claws and claw tuft (K)......................................................... Hermippus Simon, 1893 

– Tarsi with three claws (L), unpaired claw may be hidden by thick scopula in Storenomorpha  ........ 6

6. Eyes in three rows, 2-2-4 (M)............................................................................................................ 7

– Eyes in two rows 4-4 (N)................................................................................................................... 8

7. Highest part of carapace near fovea (O); body covered with sticky setae, covered with mud and soil debris......................................................................................................... Cryptothele L. Koch, 1872 

– Highest part of carapace in eye region (P); without sticky setae ..................... Cydrela Thorell, 1873 

8. Posterior eye row strongly recurved (M); tarsal claws strongly curved and in alveolus; tarsi with well-developed scopulae ....................................................................... Storenomorpha Simon, 1884 

– Posterior eye row straight or procurved (N); tarsal claws as usual; tarsi without scopulae .............. 9

9. Posterior ventral spines (PVS) in front of spinnerets absent (females only)....................................... ..................................................................................................... Cambonilla Jocqué  gen. et sp. nov.

– Posterior ventral spines in front of spinnerets present (Q) .............................................................. 10

10. Posterior ventral spines arranged in a single row (Q), normally situated on weakly sclerotized area................................................................................................................. Mallinella Strand, 1906 

– Posterior ventral spines arranged in a group or more than one row (R)...........................................11

11. Carapace granulated with tiny branched setae; venter of abdomen with marbled pattern (T); anterior margin of sternum straight; apical surface of PVS serrated, consisting of two rows of minute denticles (visible in SEM only)....................................................................................................................... 12

– Carapace smooth or when granulated with simple setae; venter abdomen with pattern of longitudinal dark stripes (V); anterior margin of sternum with central concavity accommodating labium (U); apical surface of PVS smooth (visible in SEM only) (W)............................................................... 13

12. Carapace with thick longitudinal band of setae (S); without sclerotized protrusion around the pedicel............................................................ Heliconilla Dankittipakul, Jocqué & Singtripop, 2012 

– Carapace without longitudinal band of setae; with sclerotized protrusion around pedicel (X) (males only) ............................................................................................ Cambonilla Jocqué  gen. et sp. nov.

13. Chelicerae with two small teeth on promargin; PLE more than three times their diameter from PME (Y); AER strongly pro-curved; carapace strongly domed and strongly granulated; dorsal scutum on opisthosoma large and ovoid, heavily sclerotized ............. Euryeidon Dankittipakul & Jocqué, 2004 

– Chelicerae without teeth; distance between PLE and PME not so wide (<2 times diameter); AER slightly procurved or straight; carapace not elevated and not strongly granulated; dorsal scutum on opisthosoma longitudinal, weakly sclerotized or absent; legs elongated ........................................ 14

14. Carapace smooth and shiny; setae, if present, restricted to margins; F with basal, dorsal, tipped swelling bearing a spine (Z); dorsal scutum on opisthosoma longitudinal, weakly sclerotized ........................................................................... Heradion Dankittipakul & Jocqué, 2004 

– Carapace reticulated or rugose and provided with dispersed setae; F without basal swelling; dorsal scutum on abdomen indistinct ...................... Workmania Dankittipakul, Jocqué & Singtripop, 2012