Xiruana hirsuta ( Mello-Leitão, 1938 ),

Oliveira, Luiz Fernando M. & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2015, A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical spider genus Xiruana Brescovit 1997 (Araneae: Anyphaenidae, Anyphaeninae), Zootaxa 3980 (2), pp. 201-229: 203-208

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3980.2.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:13D14535-2FCD-4E8D-A8EC-01CC9D6F38CC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03839756-FFF9-FFB4-FF23-FC21FCB4F8EA

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Xiruana hirsuta ( Mello-Leitão, 1938 )
status

 

Xiruana hirsuta ( Mello-Leitão, 1938) 

Figs 1View FIGURE 1 A –D; 3 A –H; 4 A –F; 15 A

Teudis hirsutus Mello-Leitão, 1938: 316  , figs 6, 7 (male holotype from Corumbataí 22 ° 13 ’ 12 ”S; 47 ° 37 ’ 33 ”W, São Paulo, Brazil, 20.XI. 1935, S. Burian leg., deposited in IBSP 3460, examined).

Xiruana hirsuta: Brescovit, 1997: 104  .

Diagnosis. Males of X. hirsuta  resembles those of X. gracilipes  by the conical extremities of the branches of the retrolateral tibial apophysis and by the subtriangular median tibial apophysis, but differ from this species by the male palp with conductor of Anyphaeninae flattened at the tip and with a retrolateral keel, and the short extremities of the branches of the retrolateral tibial apophysis ( Figs 3View FIGURE 3 A –F). Females differ from congeners by the epigynal plate elongated, with the anterior border with the same width as the posterior border ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 G).

Description. Male ( IBSP 3460). Carapace orange, darkest in cephalic region ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 A, B). Labium and endites orange. Sternum yellowish. Chelicerae reddish brown. Abdomen grayish. Legs I –IV yellow, darkest at tarsi. Total length 8.1, carapace length 3.9, width 3.34. Clypeus height 0.15. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.22, ALE 0.25, PME 0.21, PLE 0.21; AME –AME 0.06, AME –ALE 0.05, PME –PME 0.23, PME –PLE 0.21, ALE –PLE 0.05. Chelicerae 2.25 long, with five promarginal teeth and five retromarginal denticles. Leg measurements: Leg I —femur 4.5 / patella 2.0/ tibia 5.0/ metatarsus 4.65 / tarsus 1.95 / total 18.1; II— 4.15 / 1.9 / 4.1 / 3.84 / 1.5 / 15.49; III —3.0/ 1.4 / 2.15 / 3.0/ 0.95 / 10.5; IV— 4.1 / 1.5 / 3.55 / 5.05 / 1.15 / 15.35. Leg spination: I—tibia p 1 - 1 -0, metatarsus v 2 -0-0; II—tibia p 1 - 1 -0, metatarsus v 2 -0-0; III—tibia p 1 - 1 - 1, r 1 - 1 - 1; IV—tibia p 1 - 1 - 1, r 1 - 1 - 1. Palp: Median apophysis straight medially ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 C), median tibial apophysis short and curved ( Figs 3View FIGURE 3 D –F). Abdomen: length 4.2, epigastric furrow 0.5 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 1.9 from base of spinnerets.

Female (MCN 311). Coloration as in male ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 C, D). Total length 10.5, carapace length 4.7, width 3.4. Clypeus height 0.27. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.22, ALE 0.2, PME 0.2, PLE 0.22; AME –AME 0.12, AME –ALE 0.08, PME –PME 0.27, PME –PLE 0.22, ALE –PLE 0.12. Chelicerae 2.25 long, with four promarginal teeth and five retromarginal denticles. Leg measurements: Leg I—femur 4.0/ patella 1.3 / tibia 3.8 / metatarsus 3.45 / tarsus 1.65 / total 14.2; II— 3.55 / 1.75 / 3.1 / 2.9 / 1.25 / 12.55; III— 2.8 / 1.3 / 2.05 / 2.6 / 0.95 / 9.7; IV— 4.05 / 1.65 / 3.2 / 4.55 / 1.05 / 14.5. Leg spination: I—tibia v 2 - 2 -0, p0, r0, metatarsus v 2 -0-0, p0, r0; II—tibia v 1- 2 -0, p 0-1 -0, r0, metatarsus v 2 -0-0, p0, r0; III—tibia p 1 - 1 - 1, r 1 - 1 - 1; IV—tibia p 1 - 1 - 1, r 1 - 1 - 1. Abdomen: length 6.1, epigastric furrow 0.62 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 3.05 from base of spinnerets. Epigynum: seminal receptacles in the middle of the copulatory ducts. Fertilization ducts short arising from lateral sides of spermathecae ( Figs 3View FIGURE 3 G, H).

Variation. Males (n = 8): total length 7.3 –10.0; carapace 3.2–4.65; femur I 3.34–4.55. Females (n = 5): total length 10.5–12.2; carapace 4.1–4.9; femur I 3.55–4.25.

Other material examined. VENEZUELA, Guarico: Parque Nacional Aguaro-Guariquito (8 ° 17 ’S; 66 ° 42 ’W), 1 ♀, 14.IX. 1987, Ruben Candia leg. ( MCN 21342View Materials). BRAZIL, Goiás: Minaçu  , Usina Hidrelétrica Serra da Mesa (14 °05' 59 "S; 48 ° 23 ' 29 "W), 1 ♂, 18–30.XI. 1996, A.B. Bonaldo, L. Moura leg. ( MCN 27961View Materials); Distrito Federal: Brasília (15 ° 47 ' 56 ”S; 47 ° 52 '00”W), Condomínio Fraternidade, 1 ♀, 15.XI. 2002, P.C. Motta leg. ( UNB 2029); Brasília (15 ° 47 ' 56 ”S; 47 ° 52 '00”W), 1 ♀, 10.XI. 2000, P.C. Motta leg., under tree bark ( UNB 1082); Mato Grosso: Santo Afonso (14 ° 29 ' 52 "S; 57 °00'07"W), Rio Azul, 2 ♂, A. Evitio leg. ( MNRJ 13121); Bahia: Central (11 °08'09"S; 42 °06' 46 "W), Toca dos Pilões, 1 ♀, III. 2002, E.F. Ramos leg., beating tray ( IBSP 139130), Senhor do Bonfim (10 ° 27 ' 46 "S; 40 ° 11 ' 27 "W), Campus VII da UNEB, 1 ♀, III –VII. 2008, J.S. Costa leg., Caatinga biome, pitfall traps ( IBSP 133773); Mato Grosso do Sul: Inocência, Fazenda Lagoinha (19 ° 17 '03"S; 51 °03'06"W), 1 ♀, 20.XI. 2004, J. Raizer leg. ( IBSP 134033); Minas Gerais: Belo Horizonte, Estação Ecológica da UFMG (19 ° 52 ' 56 "S; 43 ° 58 ' 18 "W), 1 ♀, 7.I. 2001, E.S.S. Alvares et. al. leg. ( IBSP 63883); São Paulo: Altair, (20 ° 31 ' 26 "S; 49 °03' 32 "W), 1 ♀, I. 1983, R.R. Silva leg. ( IBSP 3638); Botucatu (22 ° 53 '09"S; 48 ° 26 ' 42 "W), UNESP, 1 ♀, I.M.P. Rinaldi leg. ( IBSP 165966); Bragança Paulista (22 ° 57 '07"S; 46 ° 32 ' 31 "W), Sitio Maitá, 1 ♀, 10.I. 2007, ( IBSP 71951); Cotia (23 ° 36 ' 14 "S; 46 ° 55 '08"W), 1 ♀, III. 1984, I.V. Mendes leg. ( IBSP 4407); Diadema (23 ° 41 '09"S; 46 ° 37 ' 22 "W), 1 ♀, 07.XI. 2007, Andréia leg. ( IBSP 151653); Itapetininga, Estação Ecológica de Angatuba (23 ° 24 ' 57 ”S; 48 ° 21 ’ 39 ”W), 1 ♂, 11–16.X. 2002, Equipe Biota leg. ( IBSP 138734); Itapecerica da Serra (23 ° 43 '01"S; 46 ° 50 ' 56 "W), 1 ♂, 12.I. 2009, A.R. Junior leg. ( IBSP 123947); Itatiba (23 °00"S; 46 ° 50 ' 20 "W), 1 ♂, I. 1991, C.L. Augusto leg. ( IBSP 5048); Rosana, Usina Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta, Porto Primavera (22 ° 28 ' 58.1 "S; 52 ° 57 ' 30.63 "W), 1 ♀, 1.II. 2000, Equipe IBSP leg. ( IBSP 29722); São Paulo (23 ° 32 ' 51 "S; 46 ° 38 ' 10 "W), 1 ♂, XII. 1989, C.R. Metri leg. ( IBSP 5004); 1 ♀, XI. 1982 ( IBSP 3553); 1 ♂, I. 1994, A. Boschilia leg. ( IBSP 5833); 1 ♂, IX. 1976, M. Sehik leg. ( IBSP 2799); 1 ♀, 27.XI. 1968, A.O. Junior leg. ( IBSP 2170); 1 ♂, 20.XII. 1994 ( IBSP 5725); 1 ♀ ( IBSP 10009); 1 ♀, 3.IV. 1997, C.A. Franco leg. ( IBSP 8583); (Campus Instituto Butantan) 1 ♂, 18.X. 1999, R.P. Indicatti leg. ( IBSP 24064); 1 ♀, XI. 1996, A. Zanetti leg. ( IBSP 7440); 1 ♂, 7.XII. 2006, R.P. Indicatti leg. ( IBSP 71936); (Cidade Universitária), 1 ♂, XII. 1968, M.A. Gallo leg. ( IBSP 3999); (Parque Piqueri), 1 ♀, 7.I. 2014, D.H.P. Ribeiro leg. ( IBSP 165968); São Roque (23 ° 31 ' 45 "S; 47 °08'07"W), 1 ♂, I. 1983 ( IBSP 11919); Paraná: Maringá (23 ° 25 ' 30 "S; 51 ° 56 ' 20 "W), Iguatemi, 1 ♀, 17.III. 1981 ( MCN 12256View Materials); 1 ♂, 29.XII. 1980 ( MCN 12268View Materials); 1 ♂, 24.I. 1981 ( MCN 12348View Materials); 1 ♂, 11.I. 1981 ( MCN 12280View Materials), all collected by A.M. Geahl; Santa Helena (24 ° 51 ' 36 "S; 54 ° 19 ' 58 "W), Reserva Biológica de Santa Helena, 2 ♂, 12–16.XI. 1991, A.B. Bonaldo leg. ( IBSP 165969); Santa Catarina: São Cristovão do Sul, Monte Alegre (27 ° 35 ' 36 "S; 48 ° 35 ' 56 "W), 1 ♀, 2001–2002, J.M. Moreira leg. ( IBSP 141476); Rio Grande do Sul: Campos Novaes (30 °01' 58 "S; 51 ° 13 ' 48 "W), 1 ♀, 02.II. 1996, A.B. Bonaldo; A. Kury; R. Pinto da Rocha leg. (MCN); Guabiju (28 ° 32 ’ 27 ”S; 51 ° 41 ’ 24 ”W), Rio Uruguai, 1 ♂, 23.XII. 1954, C.G. Carbevell leg. ( MLP); Montenegro (29 ° 41 ' 20 "S; 51 ° 27 ' 39 "W), 2 ♀, 15.XII. 1977 (MCN 7592); Porto Alegre (30 °01' 58 "S; 51 ° 13 ' 48 "W), 1 ♂, 25.II. 1961, C.A. Hartlieb leg. ( MCN 01286View Materials); 1 ♂, 15.VI. 1972 (MCN 1339); 1 ♂, 29.II. 1972, G.C. de Lema leg. (MCN 0871); 1 ♀, 16.I. 1974, Z. Rosa (MCN 311); 1 ♀, 16.I. 1974, G.C. de Lema leg. ( MCN 02022View Materials); (Campus da PUC), 1 ♂, 15.XI. 1992, A.D. Brescovit leg. ( IBSP 165970); (Jardim Leopoldina, inside a house) 1 ♂, 16.XI. 1992, A.D. Brescovit ( IBSP 165971); (Morro Santana), 1 ♀, 5.IV. 1968, A.A. Lise leg. (MCN 0590); Santa Maria (29 ° 41 '02"S; 53 ° 48 ' 25 "), 1 ♀, 5.XI. 1985, S. Gusmão leg. ( MCN 15328View Materials); São Borja, Garruchos (28 ° 11 ' 3 "S; 55 ° 38 ' 19 "W), 1 ♀, 6.XII. 1975 ( MCN 18704View Materials); São Sepé (30 °09' 39 "S; 53 ° 33 ' 54 "W), Passo do Fraga, 1 ♂, VII. 1994, E.C. Costa leg. ( IBSP 120118); 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 1 #J, XI. 1993, E.C. Costa leg. ( IBSP 165967). PARAGUAY. Asunción: (25 ° 16 ' 55.91 "S; 57 ° 38 ' 6.36 W), Jardín Botánico, 1 ♀, 2 #J, K. Fiebrig leg. ( ZMB 3765); 1 ♀, K. Fiebrig leg. ( ZMB); 1 ♂, 1 #J, K. Fiebrig leg. ( ZMB 2474); 1 ♂, 3 #J, K. Fiebrig leg. ( ZMB 2193); 1 ♀, 2 #J, K. Fiebrig leg. ( ZMB 2353); Departamento de Cordillera: San Bernardino (25 ° 23 ’00”S; 57 °08’00”W), 1 ♀, 1905, K. Fiebrig leg. ( ZMB). ARGENTINA, Formosa: Parque Nacional Rio Pilcomayo (25 °04'00"S; 58 °07'00"W), 1 ♀, II. 1991, ( MACN); Entre Rios: Ubajay, Parque Nacional El Palmar (31 ° 51 ' 11 "S; 58 ° 19 ' 21 "W), 2 ♀, 25.III. 1986, M. Ramírez leg. ( MACN); 1 ♀, P. Goloboff leg. ( MACN); URUGUAY, Montevideo: Ruta 1, Km 12 (34 ° 51 ' 26.63 "S; 56 ° 15 ' 23.12 "W), 2 ♀, 2001, M.A. Benamu leg., in plantation of Citrus lemon  ( IBSP 44107).

Distribution. Central Venezuela, Northeast, Midwest, Southeast and South Brazil, Central and South Paraguay, Northeast Argentina, South Uruguay ( Fig. 15View FIGURE 15 A).

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

UNB

Connell Memorial Herbarium, UNB Fredericton

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

UFMG

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

MLP

Museo de La Plata

PUC

Beijing University

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

MACN

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Anyphaenidae

Genus

Xiruana

Loc

Xiruana hirsuta ( Mello-Leitão, 1938 )

Oliveira, Luiz Fernando M. & Brescovit, Antonio D. 2015
2015
Loc

Teudis hirsutus Mello-Leitão, 1938 : 316

Mello-Leitao 1938: 316
Loc

Xiruana hirsuta:

Brescovit 1997: 104