Ischnopelta parvula Rosso & Campos

Rosso, Pedro & Campos, Luiz Alexandre, 2021, Revision of Ischnopelta Stål, 1868 with the description of twenty new species (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae: Discocephalinae), Megataxa 6 (2), pp. 96-184 : 164-167

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/megataxa.6.2.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0A8F7E38-8D11-44EE-8840-F8DE241306D0

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5753278

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03828787-2C79-FFDC-FF77-FB96FD9C071D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ischnopelta parvula Rosso & Campos
status

sp. n.

Ischnopelta parvula Rosso & Campos , sp. n. ( Figs. 5L View FIGURE 5 , 39–40 View FIGURE 39 View FIGURE 40 )

Etymology. The epithet refers to the small size of the two lateral brown spots on each abdominal segment. Latin: parvulus (dim.) = small, minute.

Type Locality. BRAZIL, Bahia, Itabuna [-4.7865, - 39.2728] GoogleMaps .

Holotype. Male. BRAZIL, Bahia, Itabuna, G. Bondar. Deposited at Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo ( MZSP), São Paulo ( SP), Brazil.

Paratypes. 1 male and 2 females. BRAZIL, Paraíba, Areias , 1 male, IV .1933, [-6.9691, -35.7015], ( MNRJ); Bahia, Itabuna GoogleMaps , 2 females, G . Bondar, [-4.7865, -39.2728], ( MNRJ) GoogleMaps .

Description. The overall somatic morphology is as described for I. scutellata , except for the following features. Head. Labrum inserted anteriorly to half the distance between the anterior margin of the eyes and apex of mandibular plates. Antennae dark yellowish with rare and minute punctures on segments II and III; segments ratio: I=II<III<IV<V.

Thorax. Hemelytra: corium as long as scutellum; conspicuous spot at apex of the radial vein. Pro-, meso-and metasternum dark yellowish. Pro-, meso- and metapleura dark yellowish, densely punctured on the laterals. Evaporatorium not reaching the lateral margin of mesopleura. Setae on posterodorsal margin of protibiae as long as the others.

Abdomen. Dark spots at the lateral of urosternites minute; urosternite VII unarmed.

Male. Apical margin of membrane of hemelytra subrectilinear. Median portion of posterior margin of urosternite VII concave; urosternite VII not reaching anteriorly the imaginary line connecting the spiracles of urosternite V. Genitalia. Pygophore with dorsal rim concave and median region more sclerotized ( Fig. 39C View FIGURE 39 , dr); ventral rim subrectilinear with wide and shallow median depression ( Fig. 39D View FIGURE 39 , vr). Posterolateral angles 1.5 times longer than the rest of the pygophore, base perpendicular and apex oblique to the frontal plane, convergent from the base ( Fig. 39C–E View FIGURE 39 , pla). Setae short and sparse on posterior half of ventral and lateral surfaces of the pygophore, and on outer surface of the posterolateral angles; 1 + 1 tufts of long setae lateral to the median depression of ventral rim. Segment X as wide as long, reaching the apex of posterolateral angles and surpassing the apex of parameres; rounded; basal area and apical margin membranous; disc sclerotized and covered by setae ( Fig. 39C–E, X View FIGURE 39 ). Parameres falciform, flat, shorter than posterolateral angles; subparallel to the frontal plane; apical portion of outer margin strongly convex; inner margin sinuous, distal portion strongly excavated and with an apical process, aculeiform, convergent, and ventrolaterally directed; apical margin convex; ventral surface with oblique crest ( Fig. 39D View FIGURE 39 , vcp) and setae posterior to the crest ( Fig. 39D–E View FIGURE 39 , pa). Cup-like sclerites externally visible, with apices convergent ( Fig. 39D View FIGURE 39 , cls). Internal genitalia not examined.

Female. Membrane of hemelytra not reaching the posterior margin of mediotergite VIII, posterior margin convex; median portion of posterior margin of mediotergite VIII and of urosternite VII, and projections of urosternite VII as described for I. scutellata ( Fig. 40C View FIGURE 40 , mpr). Genitalia. Valvifers VIII wider than long; posterior margin slightly sinuous, with small projection on the lateral angle; sutural margins subrectilinear and folded dorsally; surface dark yellowish with punctures and brown blotches; setae on distal portion of sutural margins and median portion of posterior margin ( Figs. 5L View FIGURE 5 ; 40C View FIGURE 40 , vf8). Valvifers IX with apices externally visible, lateral margin convex, setae on mid-basal portion of ventral surface ( Fig. 40C–D View FIGURE 40 , vf9). Laterotergites IX not reaching the posterior margin of mediotergite VIII; lateral margin convex; setae on mid-basal portion of lateral margin and ventral surface ( Fig. 40C–D View FIGURE 40 , la9). Thickening of vaginal intima cordiform, wider than long; distal margin concave and more sclerotized; lateral margins convex; mid-basal subquadrangular area membranous ( Fig. 40D View FIGURE 40 , vi). Vesicular area anterior to the collar 1/10 the posterior portion; median duct anterior to the collar with slight proximal widening ( Fig. 40D View FIGURE 40 , md); inner duct not coiled ( Fig. 40D View FIGURE 40 , id). Distal ductus receptaculi of same caliber as the proximal one ( Fig. 40D View FIGURE 40 , drd, drp). Pars intermedialis cylindrical ( Fig. 40D View FIGURE 40 , pi); proximal annular crest perpendicular to the pars intermedialis, distal annular crest directed to the pars intermedialis and twice the size of the proximal ( Fig. 40D View FIGURE 40 , dac, pac). Capsula seminalis globose, with two lateral filiform projections directed to the pars intermedialis, one long surpassing the proximal annular crest and the other reaching the distal annular crest ( Fig. 40D View FIGURE 40 , cs, pr).

Measurements: Table 18.

Distribution. Brazil (Paraíba, Bahia) ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 ).

Comments. See comments in I. coralinae sp. n.. Ischnopelta parvula sp. n. presents minute spots on the laterals of the urosternites ( Figs. 39B View FIGURE 39 ; 40B View FIGURE 40 ), the smallest among all the species in the genus.

G

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

SP

Instituto de Botânica

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Kingdom

Metazoa

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Pentatomidae

Genus

Ischnopelta