Stagmatoptera hyaloptera ( Perty, 1832 ),

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques, 2016, Taxonomic revision of Stagmatoptera Burmeister, 1838 (Mantodea: Mantidae, Stagmatopterinae), Zootaxa 4183 (1), pp. 1-78: 29-37

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4183.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0E576DCD-49EB-47DD-9CF2-14F3941BA0B5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03826A4A-FF82-FF80-05B4-F9E871F617C6

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Stagmatoptera hyaloptera ( Perty, 1832 )
status

 

Stagmatoptera hyaloptera ( Perty, 1832) 

Male—Figures 3F, 5F, 7F, 9F, 11F, 29A, 42A –48A. Female—Figures 4E, 6E, 8E, 10E, 12E, 20E –22E, 29B.

Mantis hyaloptera Perty, 1832  , p.117, t.23, f.6 (descr.).

= Mantis pavonina Burmeister, 1838  , p.540 (descr).

= Mantis luna Audinet Serville, 1839  , p.183 (descr.); De Haan, 1842, p.74 (cit.).

Stagmatoptera hyaloptera, Saussure, 1869  , p.67 (cit.); Saussure, 1870, p.231 (cit.); Saussure, 1871b, p.95, t.1, f.12 (redesc.); Saussure, 1872, p.257 (cit.); Stål, 1877, p.72 (redesc.); Westwood, 1889, p.16 (cit.); Giglio-Tos, 1897, p.15; Kirby, 1904, p.299 (cit.); Rehn, 1911, p.12 (cit.); Giglio-Tos, 1914, p.34 (redesc.); Giglio-Tos, 1927, p.599 (redesc.); Terra, 1995, p.64 (cit.); Ehrmann, 1999, p.12 (redesc.); Ehrmann, 2002, p.328 (cit.); Agudelo et al., 2007, p.125 (cit.); Ehrmann & Koçak, 2009, p.12 (cit.).

= Stagmatoptera pavonina, Saussure, 1871a  , p.212 (redesc.); Ehrmann, 1999, p.12 (syn.). = Chlidonoptera pavonina, Kirby, 1904  , p. 292 (cit.)

= Stagmatoptera luna, Kirby, 1904  , p.300 (cit.); Rehn, 1911, p.12 (cit.); Giglio-Tos, 1914, p.34 (syn.). Stagmatoptera biocellata Saussure, 1869 in Werner, 1925a  , p.167—misidentification (redesc).

Type: unknown (see “Remarks”).

Type locality. Amazon River , Brazil. 

Synonym types: Holotype of S. luna  , 1♂, Cordoba (not examined).

Diagnosis. Smaller size, spot on stigma circular ( Fig. 28).

Redescription. Male —Prothorax slender, lateral margins slightly crenulated on the prozona, smooth on the metazona. Metazona with a weakly marked central keel ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 F). Forecoxae with 7–11 large spines, which alternate with 0–8 smaller spines ( Fig. 7View FIGURE 7 F). Forefemora broad, the first three discoidal spines dark on their anterior surface; 14–17 anteroventral spines, usually 15, all the spines black only at the tips. Anterior femoral spot absent or, if present, extending from the femoral groove to the 6th anteroventral spine, rectangular, an effaced black color or an effaced green color ( Fig. 9View FIGURE 9 F). Foretibiae with 9–13 posteroventral spines, usually 11, and 14–18 anteroventral spines, usually 15 or 16; tibial spur green on its anterior surface ( Fig. 11View FIGURE 11 F). Foretarsi with apical black spots on the anterior surface of the tarsomeres I to IV. Discoidal area of forewings with an opaque-green stripe anteriorly that surrounds the stigma spot, gradually becoming hyaline. Spot on the stigma circular, medium sized, reaching the middle of the discoidal area, with an anterior white spot surrounded by a brown spot, and in the center a small semi-hyaline spot. Discoidal area of the hindwings hyaline with yellow stripes on the crossveins and anal area completely hyaline or hyaline with yellow stripes on the crossveins on the first half ( Fig. 29View FIGURE 29 A).

Genitalia. Left phallomere longer than wide; sclerite L4B as long as wide; paa elongated, slightly dilated on the left side of its base, angled approximately 30° from the body axis, afterwards curving to the left, apex simple, directed ventrally ( Fig. 42View FIGURE 42 A); pda short, broad, flattened, sharply bent 90° to the right, compressed in two places, one after the bent, the other at the base of the apex, the latter strongly sclerotized and tapered ( Fig. 45View FIGURE 45 A); afa elongated, parallel to the body axis ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 A), right margin rugous and slightly sinuous ( Fig. 44View FIGURE 44 A), posterior apex tumid with a projection on the right margin, rugged and sclerotized, anterior apex straight, margins very sclerotized and tumid forming a groove ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 A); loa short, bent to the right ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 A); membrane adjacent to afa glabrous ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 A). Right phallomere with the posterior apex rounded; bm short, a gentle expansion on the middle ( Fig. 46View FIGURE 46 A); pia  short, sclerotized ( Fig. 47View FIGURE 47 A –48A); pva elongated, strongly sclerotized, rectangular apex ( Fig. 48View FIGURE 48 A); an elongated, apex abruptly rounded ( Fig. 47View FIGURE 47 A).

Measurements. Body length: 49.8–64.7; head width: 6–7.3; prozona length: 3.4–4.6; metazona length: 12.9–17.8; prothorax width: 3.7–4.9; forecoxae length: 8.9–12; forefemora length: 10.7–14.6; forefemora width: 2.2–3; foretibiae length: 5.7–7.8.

Ratios. Head/prothoracic-width: 1.34–1.67; metazona/prozona: 3.32–4.28; metazona length/prothoracic width: 3.19–3.79; metazona/forecoxae: 1.33–1.57; forefemora length/width: 4.52–5.48.

Female —Prothorax slender, lateral margins slightly crenulated. Metazona with a weakly marked central keel ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 E). Forecoxae with 8–13 large spines, which alternate with 1–10 smaller spines ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8 E). Forefemora broad, the first three discoidal spines dark on their anterior surface; 14–16 anteroventral spines, usually 15, all the spines black only at the tips. Anterior femoral spot absent ( Fig. 10View FIGURE 10 E) or, if present, extending from the femoral groove to the 6th anteroventral spine, rectangular, an effaced black color or an effaced green color. Foretibiae with 10–13 posteroventral spines, usually 11, and 14–16 anteroventral spines, usually 15; tibial spur green on its anterior surface ( Fig. 12View FIGURE 12 E). Foretarsi with apical black spots on the anterior surface of tarsomeres I to IV. Spot on the stigma circular, medium sized, without reaching the middle of the discoidal area, with an anterior white spot surrounded by a brown spot, and in the center a small semi-hyaline spot. Costal area of the hindwings hyaline, discoidal and anal areas hyaline with yellow stripes on the crossveins ( Fig. 29View FIGURE 29 B).

Genitalia. Base of the gonapophysis VIII projecting inwards ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20 E); bv roughly triangular ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20 E), the inner surface sculpted ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 E); ib sclerotized and sculpted ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 E); pe short, weakly sclerotized, with irregular margins ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 E); gs weakly sclerotized, smooth ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22 E); ls roughly rectangular, posterior process elongated, conical ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22 E).

Measurements. Body length: 56.4–79.3; head width: 7.3–9.4; prozona length: 4.7–6; metazona length: 15.9–22.7; prothorax width: 5.5–7.6; forecoxae length: 12.5–17.1; forefemora length: 15–20; forefemora width: 3.3–4.4; foretibiae length: 7.7–10.3.

Ratios. Head/prothoracic-width: 1.17–1.38; metazona/prozona: 3.23–3.78; metazona length/prothoracic width: 2.66–3.1; metazona/forecoxae: 1.21–1.38; forefemora length/width: 4.33–4.77.

Remarks. Perty (1832) described Stagmatoptera hyaloptera  based on a specimen he claimed to be from the “Amazon River”. However, almost all material analyzed for this study attributable to S. hyaloptera  were collected outside the Amazon rainforest, except for two specimens that may come from French Guiana, thus making the type locality somewhat disconnected from the geographical distribution observed in this species. Burmeister (1838) described Mantis (Stagmatoptera) pavonina  based on specimens presumably from Africa; later, Kirby (1904) transferred this species to the African genus Chlidonoptera  . Ehrmann (1999) studied Burmeister’s specimens and concluded that they were in fact Stagmatoptera hyaloptera  with incorrect locality labels, conclusion we corroborated after examining the same specimens. This is one of the most widespread species of Stagmatoptera  , occurring from northern Argentina to northeastern Brazil where it is found in plant formations such as Cerrado and Pampas. We are including the record from French Guiana, noting that it likely resulted from mislabeled specimens.

Baehr (1983) designated a specimen housed at the ZSM as the lectotype of Stagmatoptera hyaloptera  . Baehr (1983) assumed that this was the undesignated specimen Perty (1832) originally used to described S. hyaloptera  after stating that it had a similarly positioned pin, and lables with the same hand writing, as the lectotype of Acontista concinna  , another species described in the same publication ( Perty, 1832). We find Baehr’s justification unconvincing because other reasons behind such coincidences cannot be ruled out, such as subsequent re-labeling and/or re-pining. Therefore, we here void Baehr’s (1983) procedure in agreement with ICZN art. 74.2 ( ICZN, 1999; http://www.iczn.org/iczn/index.jsp).

Distribution. Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraíba, Paraná, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio Grande do Norte, São Paulo, Tocantins), French Guiana [?], Paraguay.

Examined material. ARGENTINA: 1♂ ( ZSM)  . Chaco de Santa Fé, Las Garzas, bords du Rio Las Garzas , 25 Km O d'Ocampo, 1903, E.R. Wagner, 1♂ ( MNHN)  . Chaco de Santiago del Estero, bords du Rio Salado , env. d'Icaño, 1904, E.R. Wagner, 1♀ ( MNHN)  . Chaco de Santiago del Estero, bords du Rio Salado , env. d'Icaño, 1910, E.R. Wagner, 1♂ ( MNHN)  . Chaco de Santiago del Estero, bords du Rio Salado , la Palisa del Bracho, 20 Km NNO d'Icaño, Laguna Mamaíta, 1904, E.R. Wagner, 1♀ ( MNHN)  . Chaco de Santiago del Estero, bords du Rio Salado, la Palisa del Bracho , 25 Km NO d'Icaño, xii.1909, E.R. Wagner, 1♀ ( MNHN)  . Env. d’Icaño, bords du Rio Salado , Santiago del Estero, 1909, E.R. Wagner, 1♂ ( MNHN)  . Jujui , iii.1958, Martinez & Pereira col., 1♂ ( MZSP)  . Eldorado , Misiones, 08.ii.1969, 1♂ ( MHNG)  . Eldorado , Misiones, 09.ii.1969, achat Bâle 1971, 1♂ ( MHNG)  . Eldorado , Misiones, 13.ii.1969, achat Bâle 1971, 1♂ ( MHNG)  . Mina Clavero  , Córdoba, 01.iii.2005, Dr. Forest , 1♂ ( MNHN)  . Rosário, Santa Fé, Hubrist S.V., 1♂ ( ZMB)  . San Ignacio, Huat-Parana, Misiones, i.sem ano, E.R. Wagner, 1♂ ( MNHN)  . Tapia, Tucuman, iii-iv.1903, G.A. Baer, 1♂ ( MNHN)  . Tucuman, 1♀ 1♂ ( ZSM)  . 40km O de Salavina , Santiago del Estero, 1909, E.R. Wagner, 1♀ ( MNHN)  . Tucuman, i.1928, Schreiter. leg. F. Nosswitz, 1♀ ( ZSM)  . Vila Lutecia, env. de San Ignacio, Missiones, 1910, E.R. Wagner, 1♂ (MNHN). BOLIVIA: El Carmen , 26-28.ii.1958, Lauro col., 1♀ ( MZSP)  . Sara, Steinbach S.V., 2♀ (ZMB). BRAZIL: 1♂, ( ZSM)  ; Mato Grosso— MT, 1♀ (ZMB); Mato Grosso do Sul—Salobra, iii.1940, Com. Inst. O. Cruz, 1♂ ( MZSP)  ; Paraíba—Corema , vi.1957, Exp. Dept. Zoologia, 2♂ ( MZSP)  ; Paraná—Rolândia, Dirings , i.1954, 1 ♂ ( MZSP)  ; Pernambuco—Afrânio , 08°31’53”S 41°02’59”W, 550m, 16.v.2007, J.A. Rafael & F.F. Xavier Fº, 2♂ ( INPA)GoogleMaps  ; Rio Grande do Sul—Bom Jesus , 17.iii.1980, L. Jantsch leg., 1♂, 0 531 ( MCTP)  . Pelotas, 1980, Cavero, 1♀, 0 926 (MCTP). Porto Alegre , 12.ii.1982, C.C. Morate leg., 1♂, 0 365 ( MCTP)  . Porto Alegre , 05.v.1982, N. Andrade, 1♂, 0 727 ( MCTP)  . Santo Cristo , 26.ii.1981, A. Heck leg., 1♀, 0 287 ( MCTP)  . São Borja , 10.iv.1982, L. Ramos leg, 1♀, 0 323 ( MCTP)  . São Sepé , 13.iii.1986, C.M. Souto, 1♂, 1226 ( MCTP)  . Sta. C. do Sul , 12.iii.1980, L. Jantsch leg., 1♂, 0 471 ( MCTP)  . Uruguaiana , 08.ii.1989, S.M. Piment, 1♀, 1339 ( MCTP)  ; São Paulo—Andes , ii.1955, M. Carrera, 2♂ ( MZSP)  . Catanduva , i.1956, O.P. Silva, 1♀ ( MZSP)  . Ilha Seca, 18-26.ii.1940, Com. I. O. Cruz, 1♂ ( MZSP)  ; Tocantins—Pindorama, Rio Balsas , 340m, 11°01’04”S 47°29’08”W, 28.iii.2008, J.A. Rafael & F.F. Xavier Fº, 2♂ ( INPA)GoogleMaps  . FRENCH GUIANA: Herr, 1♀ 1♂ ( MHNG)  . PARAGUAY: École agricole, Santa Rosa del Araguay , 200m, 23°46'47"S 56°32'46”""W  , San Pedro, 24.i.2001, H.- P. Aberlenc & P. Silvie leg., 1♂ ( MNHN)  . Vila Rica, G. Schauer, 1♂ (ZMB). Vila Rica , iii.1934, M. Holtz, 1♂ ( ZMB)  .

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

ZMB

Museum f�r Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MCTP

Museu de Ciencias

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Mantodea

Family

Mantidae

Genus

Stagmatoptera

Loc

Stagmatoptera hyaloptera ( Perty, 1832 )

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques 2016
2016
Loc

Stagmatoptera biocellata

Saussure, 1869 in Werner 1925
1925
Loc

Chlidonoptera pavonina

Kirby 1904
1904
Loc

Stagmatoptera luna

Kirby 1904
1904
Loc

Stagmatoptera pavonina

Saussure 1871
1871
Loc

Stagmatoptera hyaloptera

Saussure 1869
1869
Loc

Mantis luna

Audinet Serville 1839
1839
Loc

Mantis pavonina

Burmeister 1838
1838
Loc

Mantis hyaloptera

Perty 1832
1832