Drosophila planitibia

Magnacca, Karl N., Foote, David & O’Grady, Patrick M., 2008, A review of the endemic Hawaiian Drosophilidae and their host plants, Zootaxa 1728, pp. 1-58 : 26

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.274194



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scientific name

Drosophila planitibia


planitibia   clade

Another relatively small group, with 17 species (13 with host records), the planitibia   clade is also similar to the adiastola   clade in its restricted use of host plants. The group can be divided into the picticornis   , cyrtoloma   , neopicta   , and planitibia   subgroups. The picticornis   group is basal and contains two species, D. picticornis   and D. setosifrons   , that lack the extra crossvein that is characteristic of the remaining species. These taxa are widely divergent and may be relics of a larger clade ( Bonacum, et al., 2005). The sap breeding ecology of D. picticornis   is unique in the planitibia   clade. It is also the only picture wing to be reared from Metrosideros polymorpha   ( Myrtaceae   ), the most abundant tree in Hawai‘i, but one that some suggest is very recently introduced to the islands ( Wright, et al., 2001). Drosophila setosifrons   is a more typical planitibia   species and breeds in Araliaceae   bark, making the reconstruction of ancestral host plant for this group uncertain. The hosts of the remaining species are correlated with the subgroups: the cyrtoloma   and neopicta   subgroups are strictly on Araliaceae   , while the planitibia   subgroup is primarily on Campanulaceae   . Due to their large size, the latter tend to be associated with the larger, arborescent species of Clermontia   and Cyanea   rather than the shrubbier species, such as Cl. parviflora   , that are often more common. In many areas the larger lobelioid species have declined due to damage from feral ungulates and rats ( Pratt & Abbott, 1997).